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The Probert Encyclopaedia of Ships

SI NING

The Si Ning is a French built Taiwanese Kang Ding Class frigate based upon the French La Fayette Class of frigates. The Kang Ding Class frigates differ from the French La Fayette Class in both structure and weapons systems. The ship's anti-submarine capability has been considerably enhanced (in line with the perceived Chinese submarine threat, especially after their acquisition of Kilo Class submarines). Additional guns have also been fitted. The ship is designed to carry one Sikorsky S-70C(M)1 ASW helicopter. There is no launch hatch for rigid inflatable boats. The ship displaces 3,500 tons fully loaded, and has dimensions of 125m x 15. 4m x 4m. With a maximum speed of 25 knots, it has a range of 7,000 nautical miles at 15 knots. The ship can accommodate a complement of 134 (including 15 officers), plus there are 25 spare accommodation places. The ship is armed with eight Taiwanese-designed Hsiung Feng II (2 x four-cell) surface-to-surface missiles, one Sea Chaparral surface-to-air four-cell launcher, an Otobreda 76mm/62 Mk-75 main gun, two Bofors 40mm/70 guns, one Raytheon/General Dynamics 20mm/76 Phalanx Mk 15 Mod 2 close-in weapon system (CIWS), 6-324mm Mk 32 (two triple) torpedo tubes and Alliant Techsystems Mk 36 Mod-5 torpedoes.
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SIBONEY

The USS Siboney was an American Commencement Bay Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 12000 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Siboney had a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 1000 and 34 aircraft. She was armed with two 5 inch guns; twenty-six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and thirty 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SIBYL

HMS Sibyl was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SICARD

The USS Sicard was an American light minelayer of 1190 tons displacement launched in 1920 as a flush deck type destroyer and converted in 1937. The USS Sicard was powered by four Normand oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 122 and was armed with four 4 inch guns and one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun.
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SICILY

The USS Sicily was an American Commencement Bay Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 12000 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Sicily had a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 1000 and 34 aircraft. She was armed with two 5 inch guns; twenty-six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and thirty 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SICKLE

HMS Sickle was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Sickle was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SIDI-FERRUCH

The Sidi-Ferruch was a French Redoutable Class submarine of 1379 tons displacement launched in 1937. She was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots surfaced and electric motors providing a top speed of 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 67 and was armed with one 3.9 inch anti-aircraft gun; two machine guns and eleven 21.7 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIDMOUTH

HMS Sidmouth was a British Bangor Class minesweeper of about 665 tons displacement launched in 1941. HMS Sidmouth was powered by two 3-drum small tube type boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots. She carried a complement of 60 and was armed with one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and four machine-guns.
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SIDON

HMS Sidon was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Sidon was armed with one 4-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SIGFRID

The Sigfrid (formerly the Esteburg) was a German patrol vessel of 496 tons displacement launched between 1912 and 1921 as a trawler, and acquired by the German navy for military use in 1937. She had a top speed of 10 knots, carried a complement of 38 and was armed with one 3.5 inch gun and three 1 pounder anti-aircraft guns.
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SIGNET

HMS Signet was a British Bayonet Class boom defence vessel of 530 tons displacement launched in 1939. HMS Signet had a top speed of 11.5 knots and was armed with a 3-inch anti-aircraft gun.
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SIGNET II

The USS Signet was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Signet was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SIGOURNEY

The USS Sigourney was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Sigourney was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SIGSBEE

The USS Sigsbee was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Sigsbee was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SIGURD

The Sigurd was a Swedish Wale Class torpedo boat of 360 tons displacement launched in 1908. The Sigurd was powered by four Yarrow coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 30.5 knots. She was armed with two 3 inch guns; four 6 pounder guns; two machine-guns and four 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIGURE

The Sigure was a Japanese Sigure Class destroyer of 1368 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Sigure was powered by three Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 180. She was armed with five 5 inch guns; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruples.
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SIKH

HMS Sikh was a British Tribal Class destroyer of 1870 tons displacement launched in 1937 and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Sikh was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots and carried a crew of 190. She was armed with eight 4.7 inch dual-purpose guns; seven smaller guns and four 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SIKINAMI

The Sikinami was a Japanese Amagiri type Hubuki Class destroyer of 1700 tons displacement launched in 1929. The Sikinami was powered by four Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 197. She was armed with six 5 inch guns; four anti-aircraft machine-guns and nine 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three triple mountings.
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SILAS BENT

The USS Silas Bent is an American Silas Bent Class survey ship of 2550 tons displacement built in 1965. The USS Silas Bent is powered by two Westinghouse diesel engines providing a top speed of 15 knots and a range of 8000 miles at 13 knots. She carries a crew of 37 plus 28 scientists.
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SILNI

The Silni was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Silni was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SILVERSIDES

The USS Silversides was an American Gato Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1941. The USS Silversides had a top speed of 21 knots surfaced and carried a complement of between 65 and 74. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun; two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SILVERSIDES II

USS Silversides is an American Sturgeon Class attack submarine of 4960 tons displacement dived launched in 1971. USS Silversides is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor and two steam turbines providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 107 including 12 officers and is armed with Tomahawk nuclear missiles and four 21 inch Mk 63 torpedo tubes amidships taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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SILVERSTEIN

The USS Silverstein was an American Rudderow Class escort destroyer of 1450 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Silverstein had a top speed of 26 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with two 5 inch guns; two 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; six 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in a triple mount.
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SILVERTON

HMS Silverton was a British No 2 Type Hunt Class destroyer of 1050 tons displacement launched in 1940. HMS Silverton was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 27 knots and carried a complement of 146. She was armed with six 4 inch anti-aircraft guns; one 2 pounder gun and two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SIMEOFOROS KAVALOUDIS

The Simeoforos Kavaloudis is a Greek La Combattante Class fast attack missile craft of 329 tons displacement. She is manned by a crew of 42 including five officers, and is powered by four MTU 20V538 TB91 diesels providing a top speed of 36 knots and a range of 700 miles at 32 knots. Armaments consist of six Kongsberg Penguin Mk 2 anti-ship missiles; two OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose guns; four Emerson Electric 30 mm multi-purpose guns arranged in two twin arrangements; two 533 mm aft torpedo tubes taking the AEG SST-4 anti-surface torpedo.
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SIMEOFOROS SIMITZOPOULOS

The Simeoforos Simitzopoulos is a Greek La Combattante Class fast attack missile craft of 329 tons displacement. She is manned by a crew of 42 including five officers, and is powered by four MTU 20V538 TB91 diesels providing a top speed of 36 knots and a range of 700 miles at 32 knots. Armaments consist of six Kongsberg Penguin Mk 2 anti-ship missiles; two OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose guns; four Emerson Electric 30 mm multi-purpose guns arranged in two twin arrangements; two 533 mm aft torpedo tubes taking the AEG SST-4 anti-surface torpedo.
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SIMEOFOROS STARAKIS

The Simeoforos Starakis is a Greek La Combattante Class fast attack missile craft of 329 tons displacement. She is manned by a crew of 42 including five officers, and is powered by four MTU 20V538 TB91 diesels providing a top speed of 36 knots and a range of 700 miles at 32 knots. Armaments consist of six Kongsberg Penguin Mk 2 anti-ship missiles; two OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose guns; four Emerson Electric 30 mm multi-purpose guns arranged in two twin arrangements; two 533 mm aft torpedo tubes taking the AEG SST-4 anti-surface torpedo.
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SIMEOFOROS XENOS

The Simeoforos Xenos is a Greek La Combattante Class fast attack missile craft of 329 tons displacement. She is manned by a crew of 42 including five officers, and is powered by four MTU 20V538 TB91 diesels providing a top speed of 36 knots and a range of 700 miles at 32 knots. Armaments consist of six Kongsberg Penguin Mk 2 anti-ship missiles; two OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose guns; four Emerson Electric 30 mm multi-purpose guns arranged in two twin arrangements; two 533 mm aft torpedo tubes taking the AEG SST-4 anti-surface torpedo.
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SIMON BOLIVAR

USS Simon Bolivar is an American strategic missile submarine of 8250 tons displacement dived launched in 1964. USS Simon Bolivar is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor providing a top speed of 25 knots dived. She carries a crew of 143 including 13 officers and is armed with 16 Lockheed Trident (C4) nuclear inter-continental ballistic missiles and four 21 inch Mk 65 bow torpedo tubes taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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SIMONE SCHIAFFINO

The Simone Schiaffino was an Italian Abba Class torpedo boat of 615 tons displacement launched in 1914. The Simone Schiaffino was powered by four Thornycroft oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 30 knots and a range of 2720 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 94 and was armed with five 4-inch guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and four 18-inch torpedo tubes.
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SIMOOM

HMS Simoom was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Simoom was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SIMORGH

The Simorgh as an Italian-built Iranian gunboat of 331 tons displacement launched in 1931. The Simorgh was powered by two sets of Fiat diesel engines providing a top speed of 15.5 knots and a range of 4800 km at 8 knots. She carried a complement of probably 44, but this is unconfirmed. Armaments consisted of two 3-inch guns and two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SIMOUN

The Simoun was a French Simoun Class destroyer (torpilleurs) of 1319 tons displacement launched in 1924. The Simoun had a top speed of 33 knots and a range of 4800 km at 15 knots and carried a complement of 138. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 21.7 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SIMOUN CLASS

The Simoun Class was a series of nine French destroyers (torpilleurs) of 1319 tons displacement authorised under a 1922 Act and launched in 1924 and 1925. The vessels were not a success, and were found to lose power soon after launching and few could subsequently reach their design speed of 33 knots, and had to have their funnels reduced by one metre because of problems with instability.
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SIMPSON

The USS Simpson was an American flush deck type destroyer of 1193 tons displacement launched in 1920. The USS Simpson was powered by four White-Forster oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 122 and was armed with four 4 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four triple arrangements.
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SIMS

The USS Sims was an American Sims Class destroyer of 1570 tons displacement launched in 1939. The USS Sims was powered by four Express oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 172 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; several smaller guns and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three quadruple arrangements.
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SINDHURAKSHAK

The Sindhurakshak is a Russian built, Indian Kilo Class (Type 636) submarine designed for anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare in the protection of naval bases, coastal installations and sea lanes, and also for general reconnaissance and patrol missions. The submarine consists of six watertight compartments separated by transverse bulkheads in a pressurised double-hull. This design and the submarine's good reserve buoyancy lead to increased survivability if the submarine is holed, even with one compartment and two adjacent ballast tanks flooded. The foreplanes are positioned on the upper hull in front of the fin or sail. The command and control systems and fire control systems are located in the main control room which is sealed off from the other compartments. The design is a development of the 877EKM Kilo class, with the length of the hull being extended by two frame spacings (2 x 600 mm).
The power of the diesel generators has been increased and the main propulsion shaft speed has been reduced to provide a substantial reduction in the acoustic signature of the submarine. The low noise level of the submarine has been achieved with the selection of quiet machinery, vibration and noise isolation and a special anti-acoustic rubber coating applied on the outer hull surface. The Sindhurakshak has a displacement of 2,350 tons. Maximum diving depth is 300 m. Speed is 11 knots when surfaced and 20 knots when submerged. Sea endurance is 45 days. Range is 7,500 miles when snorkelling at 7 knots and 400 miles when submerged at 3 knots. The submarine is equipped with six 533 mm forward torpedo tubes situated in the nose of the submarine and carries eighteen torpedoes with six in the torpedo tubes and twelve stored on the racks. Alternatively the torpedo tubes can deploy mines. The submarine can carry 24 mines with two in each of the six tubes and twelve on the racks. Two torpedo tubes are designed for firing remote-controlled torpedoes with a very high accuracy. All torpedo tubes and their service systems provide effective firing from periscope to operational depths. The computer-controlled torpedo system is provided with a quick-loading device. It takes only 15 seconds to prepare stand-by torpedo tubes for firing: The first salvo is fired within two minutes and the second within five minutes.
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SINONOME

The Sinonome was a Japanese Sinonome type Hubuki Class destroyer of 1700 tons displacement launched in 1927. The Sinonome was powered by four Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 197. She was armed with six 5 inch guns; four anti-aircraft machine-guns and nine 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three triple mountings.
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SINSAMUDAR

The Sinsamudar was a Japanese-built Thai submarine of 370 tons displacement launched in 1937. The Sinsamudar had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 8 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 24 and was armed with one machine-gun and five 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIOKAZE

The Siokaze was a Japanese Akikaze Class destroyer of 1215 tons displacement launched in 1920. The Siokaze was powered by four Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 148. She was armed with four 4.7 inch guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three pairs.
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SIQQAT

The Siqqat is an American-built Pakistani Garcia Class frigate of 2620 tons displacement launched in 1965. The Siqqat is powered by a geared turbine providing a top speed of 27.5 knots and a range of 6400 km at 20 knots. The Siqqat carries a crew of 270 and is armed with a Honeywell ASROC Mk 116 octuple anti-ship torpedo launcher; two USN 5 inch/38 Mk 30 guns and two arrangements of triple 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes taking the Honeywell Mk 46 Mod 5 torpedo. A Seasprite helicopter is also carried.
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SIR BEDIVERE

HMS Sir Bedivere is a British logistic landing ship of 3270 tons displacement launched in 1966. HMS Sir Bedivere is powered by two Mirrlees 10-ALSSDM 10-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 17 knots and a range of 8000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 65 including 21 officers and up to 534 troops, 16 Main Battle Tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 30 tons ammunition, one 20 ton crane and two 4.5 ton cranes. Armaments consist of four Oerlikon 20 mm guns and platforms to operate Gazelle AH 1 or Lynx AH 1/7 helicopters.
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SIR GALAHAD

HMS Sir Galahad is a British logistic landing ship of 8585 tons displacement fully loaded launched in 1986. HMS Sir Galahad is powered by two Mirrlees Blackstone diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and a range of 13000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 49 including 17 officers and cargo of up to 537 troops, 18 Main Battle Tanks, 20 mixed vehicles, ammunition, fuel and stores and one 25 ton crane and three smaller cranes. Armaments consist of two Bofors 40 mm guns and three Oerlikon 20 mm GAM-BO3 guns.
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SIR GERAINT

HMS Sir Geraint is a British logistic landing ship of 3270 tons displacement launched in 1967. HMS Sir Geraint is powered by two Mirrlees 10-ALSSDM 10-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 17 knots and a range of 8000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 65 including 21 officers and up to 534 troops, 16 Main Battle Tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 30 tons ammunition, one 20 ton crane and two 4.5 ton cranes. Armaments consist of four Oerlikon 20 mm guns and platforms to operate Gazelle AH 1 or Lynx AH 1/7 helicopters.
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SIR PERCIVALE

HMS Sir Percivale is a British logistic landing ship of 3270 tons displacement launched in 1967. HMS Sir Percivale is powered by two Mirrlees 10-ALSSDM 10-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 17 knots and a range of 8000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 65 including 21 officers and up to 534 troops, 16 Main Battle Tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 30 tons ammunition, one 20 ton crane and two 4.5 ton cranes. Armaments consist of four Oerlikon 20 mm guns and platforms to operate Gazelle AH 1 or Lynx AH 1/7 helicopters.
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SIR TRISTRAM

HMS Sir Tristram is a British logistic landing ship of 3270 tons displacement launched in 1966. HMS Sir Tristram is powered by two Mirrlees 10-ALSSDM 10-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 17 knots and a range of 8000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 50 including 21 officers and up to 534 troops, 16 Main Battle Tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 20 helicopters, 30 tons ammunition, one 20 ton crane and two 4.5 ton cranes. Armaments consist of four Oerlikon 20 mm guns and platforms to operate Gazelle AH 1 or Lynx AH 1/7 helicopters. In 1982 HMS Sir Tristram was severely damaged in the South Atlantic, off the Falkland Islands and during repairs was modified to carry an increased helicopter load, including Chinooks.
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SIRAGO

USS Sirago was an American Corsair Class submarine of 1570 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Sirago was armed with one 5 inch gun; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIRAKAMI

The Sirakami was a Japanese minelayer of 720 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sirakami was powered by two sets of diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots and was armed with two 4.7 inch guns.
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SIRAKUMO

The Sirakumo was a Japanese Sinonome type Hubuki Class destroyer of 1700 tons displacement launched in 1927. The Sirakumo was powered by four Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 197. She was armed with six 5 inch guns; four anti-aircraft machine-guns and nine 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three triple mountings.
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SIRANUI

The Sianui was a Japanese Kagero Class destroyer of 2000 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Siranui was powered by three Kanpon boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She was armed with six 5 inch guns; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIRATAKA

The Sirataka was a Japanese minelayer of 1345 tons displacement launched in 1929.The Sirataka was powered by two Kanpon boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots and was armed with three 4.7 inch anti-aircraft guns and one machine-gun. In addition to being equipped for laying mines she was also fitted for laying anti-submarine nets.
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SIRATUYU

The Siratuyu was a Japanese Sigure Class destroyer of 1368 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Siratuyu was powered by three Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 180. She was armed with five 5 inch guns; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruples.
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SIRAYUKI

The Sirayuki was a Japanese Sinonome type Hubuki Class destroyer of 1700 tons displacement launched in 1928. The Sirayuki was powered by four Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 197. She was armed with six 5 inch guns; four anti-aircraft machine-guns and nine 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three triple mountings.
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SIRDAR

HMS Sirdar was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched in 1943. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SIRENA

The Sirena was an Italian Sirena Class coastal submarine of 590 tons displacement launched in 1933. The Sirena was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14 knots surfaced and 8.5 knots submerged and could dive to a depth of 50 fathoms. She carried a complement of 41 and was armed with one 3.9 inch gun; two 13 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIRENE

The Sirene was a French Simonot type Sirene Class submarine of 548 tons displacement surfaced launched in 1925. The Sirene was powered by two sets of 2-cycle Sulzer diesel engines providing a top speed of 14 knots surfaced and 7.5 knots submerged and a range of 3200 km at 10 knots on the surface, and carried a complement of 40. She could dive to a depth of 45 fathoms. Armaments consisted of one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun; two machine-guns and seven 21.7 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIRI

The Siri is a French-built Nigerian Combattante IIIB Class fast attack craft of 385 tons displacement. The Siri is powered by four MTU 16V 956 TB92 diesel engines providing a top speed of 41 knots and a range of 2000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 42 and is armed with four Aerospatiale Exocet MM38 cruise missiles; one OTO Melara 3 inch/62 anti-surface gun; two Breda 40 mm/70 anti-aircraft guns in a twin arrangement; four Emerson Electric 30 mm guns in two twin arrangements.
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SIRIO

The Sirio was an Italian Climene Class destroyer of 642 tons displacement, launched in 1935. The Sirio was powered by two 3-drum type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots, and carried a complement of 94. She was armed with three 3.9 inch guns; six 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; two 13 mm anti-aircraft guns; two depth charge throwers and four 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SIRIUS

HMS Sirius was a British Dido Class cruiser of 5450 tons displacement launched in 1939. HMS Sirius was powered by Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 33 knots. Armaments consisted of ten 5.25-inch guns, six mounted in three twin super firing turrets and four aft; sixteen smaller guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples. One aircraft was also carried.
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SIRIUS II

HMS Sirius was a British Leander Class frigate of 2500 tons displacement built by the HM Dockyard and launched in 1964. She was sunk when by a torpedo while being used for target practice in 1998. She was armed with four Aerospatiale Exocet MM38 surface-to-surface missiles; three quad Seacat missile launchers; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes arranged in two triples . She carried a Wasp helicopter and carried a complement of 223.
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SIROCO

The Siroco is a French Foudre class landing platform dock ship, commissioned in 1998. The Foudre class landing platform dock provides substantial carrying capacity, each ship being capable of landing and supporting a mechanised armoured regiment of the French rapid deployment force. In this role, the vessel features: a well-deck accommodating one mechanized landing craft (LSM) and four medium-sized landing craft (LCMs), or ten LCMs four 9- ton helicopters housed in the main onboard hangar a cargo of tanks, vehicles and stores. The three main missions of the Foudre class are the landing of infantry and armoured vehicles on unprepared coasts, mobile logistic support for naval forces and humanitarian missions. The ship is armed with two Simbad twin missile launchers for the Mistral surface-to-air missile; and was armed with three Otobreda/Mauser 30 mm/70 calibre guns
The guns are integrated with two VIGY 105 optronic weapon control systems supplied by Sagem, which include thermal imager, TV camera and laser rangefinder. To meet military and humanitarian requirements, Foudre class ships provide hospital facilities for large-scale medical and evacuation missions. The hospital facilities include two fully equipped operating theatres and 47 beds. The ship's complement is 210 crew with 13 officers and the ship provides accommodation for 226 crew members, and 467 passengers or troops. With 700 crew and passengers, the ship has an endurance of 30 days. In times of crisis the ship can accommodate up to 1600 people. The ship's propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 21 knots. At an economical speed of 15 knots the range is 11,000 miles. The Siroco is a Spanish S 70 Class submarine of 1490 tons displacement surfaced powered by a diesel-electric mix based upon two SEMT-Pielstick 16PA4-V185 diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots dived and a range of 8500 miles snorkelling at 9 knots. The Siroco carries a crew of 54 and is armed with four 21 inch torpedo tubes and a combined total of 20 Exocet missiles and torpedoes or 19 mines and 9 torpedoes. The Siroco has an operational endurance of 45 days.
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SISU

The Sisu was a Finnish submarine depot ship and icebreaker of 2000 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sisu was powered by three sets of Polar diesels engines providing a top speed of 16 knots and carried a complement of 100. She was armed with two 3.9 inch anti-aircraft guns.
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SISU II

The Sisu II was an Italian-built Finnish motor torpedo boat of 13 tons displacement launched in 1916 for the Italian navy and bought by Finland in 1920. The Sisu II had a top speed of 26 knots and carried a complement of seven. She was armed with two 17.7 inch torpedo tubes.
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SITKOH BAY

The USS Sitkoh Bay was an American Casablanca Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 6730 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Sitkoh Bay had a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 800 and about 30 aircraft. She was armed with one 5 inch gun and twenty-four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SIVASH

The Sivash was a Russian leningrad Class destroyer of 2900 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sivash was powered by 3-drum type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She was armed with five 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SIVRIHISAR

The Sivrihisar was a British-built Turkish mine layer of 350 tons displacement launched in 1940. The Sivrihisar was powered by two sets of Atlas Polar diesel engines providing a top speed of 15 knots and was armed with one 3 inch gun and carried 40 mines.
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SJOBJORNEN

The Sjobjornen was a Swedish sea-going submarine of 580 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Sjobjornen had a top speed of 15 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 32 and was armed with two 40 mm guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns; three bow 21 inch torpedo tubes; one stern 21 inch torpedo tube and two aft deck mounted 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SJOHUNDEN

The Sjohunden was a Swedish sea-going submarine of 580 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sjohunden had a top speed of 15 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 32 and was armed with two 40 mm guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns; three bow 21 inch torpedo tubes; one stern 21 inch torpedo tube and two aft deck mounted 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SJOLEJONET

The Sjolejonet was a Swedish sea-going submarine of 580 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Sjolejonet had a top speed of 15 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 32 and was armed with two 40 mm guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns; three bow 21 inch torpedo tubes; one stern 21 inch torpedo tube and two aft deck mounted 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SKADEN

The Skaden is a Danish Flyvefisken Class multi-role warship. For all roles except anti-pollution, the ship carries one 76 mm Otobreda Super Rapid gun which fires 120 rounds per minute and has a range of 16 km. For surface combat roles, two 533 mm torpedo tubes are fitted with Bofors TP613 wire-guided passive homing torpedoes. For ASW roles, anti-submarine torpedoes and depth charge launchers are carried. the AGM-84 (Harpoon) surface-to-surface missile system is fitted for the surface combat role, as is the Mk 48 NATO Vertical Launch Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile system. The Mk 48 Mod 3 launcher (for vessels under 1000 tons) has cells for six missiles. Mine rails for 60 bottom mines are fitted for mine laying missions. The hull is constructed of an FRP (fibre-reinforced plastic) sandwich with a cellular core between outer and inner FRP laminates. This material reduces weight and maintenance, since it is non-magnetic. Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) in the non-metallic hull is achieved by sprayed layers of zinc and shielding of cable glands and penetrating non-metallic pipes and ducts.
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SKARV

The Skarv was a Norwegian torpedo boat of 92 tons displacement launched in 1908. The Skarv had a top speed of 25 knots and carried a complement of 21. She was armed with two 3 pounder guns and three 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SKATE

HMS Skate was a British Admiralty R Class destroyer of 900 tons displacement that saw service during the Second World War. She was armed with three 4-inch guns; one 2-pounder pompom anti-aircraft gun; one machine gun; four Lewis guns and four 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in two pairs. She was powered by three modified Yarrow oil boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and carried a complement of 98.
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SKATE II

USS Skate was an American submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1943 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Skate was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SKEENA

The Skeena was a Canadian Skeena Class destroyer of 1337 tons displacement launched in 1930. The Skeena was powered by three Thornycroft boilers with super heaters providing a top speed of 37 knots. She carried a complement of 138 and was armed with four 4.7-inch guns; two 2-pdr pompoms; five machine-guns and eight 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruples.
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SKILL

The USS Skill was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched and lost during the Second World War. The USS Skill was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SKIPJACK

USS Skipjack was an American Salmon Class submarine of 1450 tons displacement launched in 1937 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Skipjack was powered by diesel engines and was armed with one 3-inch gun, one anti-aircraft machine-gun, four 21-inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes. She carried a complement of 55.
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SKIPJACK II

HMS Skipjack was a British Algerine Class minesweeper of 950 tons displacement launched in 1943. HMS Skipjack was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a peacetime complement of 85 and between 104 and 138 in war. For defence she was armed with one 4-inch dual-purpose gun; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge throwers.
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SKIRMISH

The USS Skirmish was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Skirmish was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SKREI

The Skrei was a Norwegian torpedo boat of 90 tons displacement launched in 1900. The Skrei had a top speed of 21 knots and carried a complement of 19. She was armed with two 1 pounder guns and two 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SKUTA

A Skuta is a Swedish clinker-built small sailing boat with one, two or from the 18th century three masts used for carrying deck cargo and sometimes passengers around the Aland islands since ancient times. Skutas are generally about 60 tons displacement, about 60 feet long and carry a crew of two.
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SKYLARK

The USS Skylark was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched and lost during the Second World War. The USS Skylark was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SLADKOV

The Sladkov (formerly the Vsadnik) was a Russian Zhelesniakov Class torpedo boat of 710 tons displacement launched in 1905. The Sladkov was powered by coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 25 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with three 3.9 inch guns; one 3 pounder gun; one 1 pounder anti-aircraft gun; four machine-guns; three 18-inch torpedo tubes and carried 25 mines.
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SLAMET RIYADI

The Ahmed Yani (formerly the Van Speijk) is an Indonesian Van Spiejk Class frigate launched in 1965 and transferred to the Indonesian navy from the Netherlands in the mid-1980s. She has a displacement of 2225 tons and is powered by two Werkspoor/English Electric double reduction geared turbines rated at 30000 shp providing a top speed of 28.5 knots and a maximum range of 7200 km at 12 knots. She is manned by a crew of 180. Armaments consist of eight McDonnell Douglas Harpoon anti-ship missiles; two Short Bros Seacat anti-aircraft quad missile launchers; one OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose gun and six 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes arranged in two triple arrangements, firing the Honeywell Mk 46 anti-submarine torpedo. A Westland Westland Wasp helicopter is also carried.
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SLATER

The USS Slater was an American Bostwick Class escort destroyer of 1240 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Slater had a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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SLAVNI

The Slavni was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Slavni was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SLEIPNER

The Sleipner was a Norwegian torpedo boat of 597 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Sleipner was powered by three water-tube oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 32 knots and carried a complement of 72. She was armed with three 4 inch guns; one 40 mm anti-aircraft gun; two machine-guns; four depth charge throwers and two 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged as a pair.
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SLEUTH

HMS Sleuth was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Sleuth was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SLIPPED REEF KNOT

The slipped reef knot is a nautical variation on the reef knot with one end doubled through. The slipped reef knot is easy to undo, even when it has worked tight, by pulling hard on the doubled end.
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SLIPWAY

A slipway is an inclined way sloping from above to below water level, up which ships may be drawn out of the water, and down which they may be launched. Slipways on a small scale may serve the combined purpose of a slip on which comparatively small boats are constructed, and a way down which they are launched, and up which they are drawn for repairs.
Large ships are built on supporting cradles within specially constructed slips at the upper end of the ways. When a vessel is ready for launching, the cradles are released and, with the ship upon them, slide down the ways on rails, until by flotation the ship rises and floats free.
In slipways for hauling vessels from the water, track rails are laid the full length upon which wheeled cradles work up and down. The latter are run out into the water below a floating ship, which is then hauled up the incline, either clear of the water or into a slip dock for repairs or painting. Rack bars are laid down the slipways, and engage ratchet-wheels on the cradles, thus preventing any back slip. Hauling is effected by hydraulic rams or winding drums and steel wire ropes or chains. The incline of a slipway is usually about 1 in 20.
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SLOOP

Traditionally, a sloop is a small vessel furnished with one mast and a fixed bowsprit. It is fore and aft rigged, and usually carries a main-sail, fore-sail (jib-shaped), a jib, and a gaff-sail. The sloop resembles the cutter, but the latter's bow-sprit is not fixed. The term 'sloop' was formerly applied to low grade sailing warships below the grade of frigate, and during the Great War the term 'sloop' was applied to vessels built for sweeping and convoy work, the term remaining in use at least during the Second World War.
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SLUYS

HMS Sluys was a British Battle Class destroyer of 2315 tons displacement designed for operation in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War and launched in 1945. HMS Sluys was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a crew of 250 in peace time and 337 during the Second World War. She was armed with two pairs of 4.5 inch dual-purpose guns mounted forward; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; two depth charge howitzers; ten 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SMACK

A smack is a small sailing or steam vessel employed for fishing and with a large hold amidships to receive the catch.
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SMALLEY

The USS Smalley was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Smalley was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SMELNI

The Smelni was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Smelni was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SMERALDO

The Smeraldo was an Italian Sirena Class coastal submarine of 590 tons displacement launched in 1933. The Smeraldo was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14 knots surfaced and 8.5 knots submerged and could dive to a depth of 50 fathoms. She carried a complement of 41 and was armed with one 3.9 inch gun; two 13 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SMETLIVI

The Smetlivi was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1937. The Smetlivi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SMEUL

The Smeul was an Austrian-built Romanian torpedo boat of 260 tons displacement launched in 1914 as the Austrian torpedo boat 83F. The Smeul was powered by Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 28 knots when new. She was armed with two 11 pounder guns two machine-guns, but despite her designation, no torpedo tubes.
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SMITH

The USS Smith was an American Mahan Class destroyer of 1500 tons displacement launched in 1936. The USS Smith was powered by four Express type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots and a range of 9600 km. She was armed with five 5 inch dual-purpose guns; four machine-guns and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three quadruple arrangements.
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SMYELI

The Smyeli was a Bulgarian torpedo boat launched in 1908. The Smyeli was coal fired and had a top speed of 26 knots. She carried a complement of 23 and was armed with two 47 mm guns; one anti-aircraft machine-gun and two 18-inch torpedo tubes.
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SMYELI II

The Smyeli was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Smyeli was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SNAPPER

HMS Snapper was a British Sealion Class submarine of 670 tons displacement launched in 1934 and sunk during the Second World War. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one machine-gun and six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow. She had a top speed of 13.75 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged and carried a complement of 40.
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SNAPPER II

USS Snapper was an American Salmon Class submarine of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1937 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Snapper was powered by diesel engines and was armed with one 3-inch gun, one anti-aircraft machine-gun, four 21-inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes. She was manned by a crew of 55.
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SNAPPHANEN

The Snapphanen was a Swedish patrol boat of 287 tons displacement launched in 1933. The Snapphanen had a top speed of 24 knots and carried a complement of 37. She was armed with two 3 inch guns; two 25 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge throwers.
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SNEKKJA

A snekkja was an old Viking long ship.
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SNOGG

The Snogg was a Norwegian torpedo boat of 220 tons displacement launched in 1917. The Snogg had a top speed of 25 knots and carried a complement of 33. She was armed with two 3 inch guns and four 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SNOOK

The USS Snook was an American Gato Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1942 and lost during the Second World War. The USS Snook had a top speed of 21 knots surfaced and carried a complement of between 65 and 74. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun; two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SNOW

A snow is a vessel equipped with two masts resembling the main and fore masts of a ship, and a third small mast, just abaft the main mast, carrying a sail similar to a ship's mizzen. Snows were used in British 18th century naval fleets primarily as despatch vessels. The 18th century British snow vessels were typically about 168 tons displacement and carried a crew of bewteen six and ten.
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SNYDER

The USS Snyder was an American Bostwick Class escort destroyer of 1240 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Snyder had a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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SO SAN

The So San is a North Korean freighter. She was in the news in December, 2002, when she was seized in the Arabian Sea by the Navarra, a Spanish Navy frigate acting under a request from the USA, and her cargo of Scud missiles seized. The cargo, which was a legitimate shipment to Yemen, was subsequently returned after protests from the Yemeni government over the act of piracy.
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SOBERTON

HMS Soberton is a British Ton Class coastal minesweeper of 360 tons displacement. HMS Soberton has a double mahogany hull on an aluminium frame and is powered by two Paxman Deltic 18A-7A diesel engines providing a top speed of 15 knots and a range of 2500 miles at 12 knots. She carries a crew of 32 including five officers and is armed with a Bofors 40 mm/60 Mk 3 dual-purpose gun; three FN 7.62 mm machine-guns and two Oerlikon 20 mm guns.
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SOEMBA

The Soemba was a Dutch sloop (classed as a Kanonneerbooten) of 1457 tons displacement launched in 1925. The Soemba was powered by four Yarrow oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 15 knots and carried a complement of 132. She was armed with three 5.9 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; four 12.7 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and carried a seaplane.
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SOHUNDEN

The Sohunden was a Danish S Class torpedo boat of 110 tons displacement launched in 1917. The Sohunden had a top speed of 24.3 knots and carried a complement of 26. She was armed with two 6-pdr anti-aircraft guns and one 18-inch torpedo tube.
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SOKUTEN

The Sokuten was a Japanese minelayer of 720 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sokuten was powered by two sets of diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots and was armed with two 4.7 inch guns.
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SOLEBAY

HMS Solebay was a British Battle Class destroyer of 2315 tons displacement designed for operation in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War and launched in 1944. HMS Solebay was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a crew of 250 in peace time and 337 during the Second World War. She was armed with two pairs of 4.5 inch dual-purpose guns mounted forward; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; two depth charge howitzers; ten 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SOLENT

HMS Solent was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Solent was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SOLEY

The USS Soley was an American Allen M Sumner Class destroyer of 2200 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Soley was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SOLFERINO

The Solferino was an Italian Confienza Class torpedo boat of 862 tons displacement launched in 1920. The Solferino was powered by four Thornycroft oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 32 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with four 4-inch guns; two 3-inch anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns; four 18-inch torpedo tubes in twin deck mountings and ten mines for mine laying.
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SOLOVEN

The Soloven is a Danish Flyvefisken Class multi-role warship. For all roles except anti-pollution, the ship carries one 76 mm Otobreda Super Rapid gun which fires 120 rounds per minute and has a range of 16 km. For surface combat roles, two 533 mm torpedo tubes are fitted with Bofors TP613 wire-guided passive homing torpedoes. For ASW roles, anti-submarine torpedoes and depth charge launchers are carried. the AGM-84 (Harpoon) surface-to-surface missile system is fitted for the surface combat role, as is the Mk 48 NATO Vertical Launch Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile system. The Mk 48 Mod 3 launcher (for vessels under 1000 tons) has cells for six missiles. Mine rails for 60 bottom mines are fitted for mine laying missions. The hull is constructed of an FRP (fibre-reinforced plastic) sandwich with a cellular core between outer and inner FRP laminates. This material reduces weight and maintenance, since it is non-magnetic. Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) in the non-metallic hull is achieved by sprayed layers of zinc and shielding of cable glands and penetrating non-metallic pipes and ducts.
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SOMALI

HMS Somali was a British Tribal Class destroyer of 1870 tons displacement launched in 1937 and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Somali was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots and carried a crew of 219. She was armed with eight 4.7 inch dual-purpose guns; seven smaller guns and four 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SOMALI II

The Somali was an American-built French Senegalais Class frigate of 1300 tons displacement launched in 1944. The Somali was powered by diesel-electric engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and a range of 18400 km at 11 knots. She carried a complement of 185 and was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; twelve 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and eight depth charge throwers.
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SOMERS

The USS Somers was an American Somers Class destroyer of 1850 tons displacement launched in 1937. The USS Somers was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox high pressure oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 37 knots. She carried a complement of 198 and was armed with eight 5 inch guns; eight 1 pounder guns; two machine-guns and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SONG NAM

The Song Nam is a South Korean Po Hang Class Corvette of 1180 tons displacement fully loaded. The Song Nam carries a crew of ten officers and 85 men and is powered by one LM 2500 gas turbine and two SEMT-Pielstick 12 PA6-V280 diesel engines providing a top speed of 32 knots and a range of 6400 km at 15 knots. Armaments consist of one OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose gun; six 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes arranged as two triples taking the Honeywell Mk 46 anti-submarine torpedo; 12 depth charges.
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SONGKIA

The Songkia was an Italian-built Thai torpedo boat of 318 tons displacement launched in 1937. The Songkia was powered by Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and a range of 2720 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 70 and was armed with three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 18 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two pairs and two singles.
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SONNET

HMS Sonnet was a British Bayonet Class boom defence vessel of 530 tons displacement launched in 1939. HMS Sonnet had a top speed of 11.5 knots and was armed with a 3-inch anti-aircraft gun.
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SORIDDEREN

The Soridderen was a Danish S Class torpedo boat of 110 tons displacement launched in 1917. The Soridderen had a top speed of 24.3 knots and carried a complement of 26. She was armed with two 6-pdr anti-aircraft guns and one 18-inch torpedo tube.
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SOROY

The Soroy was a British-built Norwegian corvette of 925 tons displacement launched in 1941 as HMS Eglantine. The Soroy had a top speed of 16 knots and carried a complement of 85. She was armed with one 4 inch anti-aircraft gun; one pompom; one machine-gun and a depth charge thrower.
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SORYU

The Soryu was a Japanese Soryu Class aircraft carrier of 10050 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Soryu was powered by 8 Kanpon boilers providing a top speed of 30 knots. She was armed with twelve 5 inch anti-aircraft guns arranged in pairs and twenty-four smaller guns and carried between 30 and 40 aircraft.
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SOUFFLEUR

The Souffleur was a French Requin Class submarine of 974 tons displacement surfaced launched in 1924. The Souffleur was powered by two diesel engines providing a top speed of 16 knots surfaced and an electric motor providing a speed of 10 knots submerged and a range of 11200 km surfaced. She carried a complement of 51 and armaments consisted of one 3.9 inch gun; two anti-aircraft machine-guns and ten 21.7 inch torpedo tubes.
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SOUNDING

Sounding is the operation of trying the depth of water and the quality of the bottom, especially by means of a plummet sunk from a ship. In navigation two plummets were traditionally used, one called the hand lead, weighing about 8 or 9 pounds; and the other, the deep-sea lead, weighing from 25 to 30 pounds. The former was used in shallow waters, and the latter at a distance from shore. The nature of the bottom was commonly ascertained by using a piece of tallow stuck upon the base of the deep-sea lead, and thus bringing up sand, shells, ooze, etc, which adhered to it. The scientific investigation of the ocean and its bottom rendered more perfect sounding apparatus necessary, and this led to the invention of various contrivances for this purpose, among the most simple and common of which was Brooke's sounding apparatus. Some of the earliest deepest sea-soundings that could be relied on were obtained by HMS Challenger.
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SOUTH CAROLINA

The South Carolina was a French-built three-masted frigate of 1186 tons displacement launched in 1776 as the L'Indien and sold to Luxembourg who lent her to the colonists of South Carolina in 1777 for their war against the British. The South Carolina was armed with twenty-eight 36-pdr guns and twelve 12-pdr guns. In 1782 she was captured by the British and scrapped.
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SOUTH DAKOTA

The USS South Dakota was an American South Dakota Class battleship of 35000 tons displacement launched in 1941. The USS South Dakota was powered by Babcock and Wilcox oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 30 knots and carried a complement of 2500 and three aircraft. She was armed with nine 16 inch guns; sixteen 5 inch dual-purpose guns; sixty-eight Bofors 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and forty Oerlikon 20 mm anti-aircraft guns. The USS South Dakota was involved at the battle for Guadalcanal in November 1942 during the Second World War.
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SOUTHAMPTON

HMS Southampton was a British Southampton Class (originally to have been called Polyphemus class, and later renamed Southampton Class) cruiser of 9100 tons displacement launched in 1936 as the Polyphemus. HMS Southampton carried a complement of 700 and was powered by eight Admiralty 3-drum oil fuelled boilers providing a top speed of 32 knots. Armaments consisted of twelve 6-inch guns; eight 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3-pdr pompom guns; sixteen smaller guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triple mountings. Three aircraft were also carried. After HMS Southampton was sunk on the 10th of January 1941, the remaining Southampton Class cruisers were renamed Newcastle Class.
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SOUTHAMPTON II

HMS Southampton is a British Type 42 destroyer of 3500 tons displacement launched in 1979. HMS Southampton is powered by two Rolls-Royce Olympus TM3B gas turbines; two Rolls-Royce Tyne RM1C gas turbines used for cruising and four diesel generators providing a top speed of 29 knots and a range of 6400 km at 18 knots. She carries a crew of 253, including 24 officers and has accommodation for 312. Armaments consist of a British Aerospace Sea Dart GWS 30 twin anti-aircraft missile launcher; one Vickers 4.5 inch/55 Mk 8 dual-purpose gun; two Oerlikon/BMARC 20 mm GAM-BO1 guns; two Oerlikon 20 mm Mk 9 guns; two General Electric/General Dynamics 20 mm Vulcan Phalanx Mk 15 and six 324 mm Plessey STWS Mk 2 or Mk 3 torpedo tubes in two triple arrangements taking the Marconi Stingray torpedo. A Westland Lynx HAS 3 helicopter is also carried.
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SOUTHARD

The USS Southard was an American flush deck type destroyer of 1193 tons displacement launched in 1919. The USS Southard was powered by four White-Forster oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 122 and was armed with four 4 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four triple arrangements.
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SOUTHDOWN

HMS Southdown was a British No 1 Type Hunt Class destroyer of 1000 tons displacement designed for escort duties and launched in 1940. HMS Southdown was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 27.5 knots and carried a complement of 146. She was armed with four 4 inch anti-aircraft guns; one 2 pounder gun and two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SOUTHERLAND

The USS Southerland was an American Gearing Class destroyer of 2400 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Southerland was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SOUTHING

In navigation, southing means the difference of latitude made by a ship in sailing to the southward.
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SOUTHLAND

The Southland is a British-built New Zealand Leander Class frigate of 2580 tons displacement launched in 1961. The Southland is powered by two sets of White-English Electric geared turbines providing a top speed of 28 knots and a range of 5700 miles at 12 knots. She carries a crew of 257 and is armed with two Short Bros Seacat GWS 22 quad surface-to-air missile launchers; two Bofors 40 mm/60 Mk 9 dual-purpose guns; two Browning 12.7 mm machine-guns and two triple torpedo tubes. She also carries a Westland Westland Wasp helicopter.
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SOUTHWOLD

HMS Southwold was a British No 1 Type Hunt Class destroyer of 1000 tons displacement designed for escort duties, launched in 1940 and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Southwold was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 27.5 knots and carried a complement of 146. She was armed with four 4 inch anti-aircraft guns; one 2 pounder gun and two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SOVEREIGN II

HMS Sovereign is a British Swiftsure Class fleet submarine of 4900 tons displacement dived launched in 1974. HMS Sovereign is powered by a pressurised water-cooled PWR 1 nuclear reactor and a Paxman auxiliary diesel engine providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 116 including 13 officers and is armed with McDonnell Douglas UGM-84B Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles and five 21 inch bow torpedo tubes taking the Marconi Tigerfish Mk 24 Mod 2 torpedo and Spearfish torpedoes. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes.
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SOVEREIGN OF THE SEAS

Sovereign Of The Seas was an English man-of-war built in 1637 on the orders of Charles I. Sovereign Of The Seas had a displacement of 1141 tons, three masts, square-rigged for and main with topgallants, lateen-mizzen with topsail, spritsail and bowsprit topsail. She carried a crew of 250 plus gunners and soldiers and was the first man-of-war to be armed with more than 100 guns, carrying 102 guns on three complete gun decks. Despite being slow and sluggish, Sovereign Of The Seas saw considerable action. In 1649 she was renamed Sovereign and in 1651 was modified with her upperworks being reduced to improve handling. In 1660 with the restoration of the monarchy she was renamed Royal Soverign. She was destroyed by a fire started accidentally by a candle in 1703.
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SOVREMENNY

The Sovremenny Class is a Russian class of destroyers designed to engage hostile ships by means of missile attack, and to provide warships and transport ships with protection against ship and air attack. The ships have anti-ship, anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and coastal bombardment capability. The ships, with a maximum displacement of 8480 tons are similar in size to the US Navy's Aegis-equipped missile cruisers, and are armed with an anti-submarine helicopter, 48 air defence missiles, 8 anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, mines, long range guns and a comprehensive electronic warfare system. The first Sovremenny Class destroyer was commissioned in 1985. The ship's propulsion system is based on two steam turbine engines each producing 50,000 horsepower together with four high pressure boilers. There are two fixed pitch propellers. The ship's maximum speed is just under 33 knots. At a fuel-economic speed of 18 knots the range is 3,920 miles. The endurance is 30 days.
The ship is equipped with the Moskit anti-ship missile system with two quadruple launchers installed port and starboard of the forward island and set at an angle about 15 degrees to the horizontal. The ship carries a total of eight Moskit 3M80E missiles. The air defence system is the Shtil surface to air missile. Two Shtil missile systems are installed, each on the raised deck behind the two-barrelled 130 mm guns fore and aft of the two islands. The ships are further equipped with AK-130-MR-184 130 mm guns and four six-barrel AK-630 artillery systems for defence. Anti-submarine defence is provided by two double 533 mm torpedo tubes installed port and starboard, and two six-barrel anti-submarine rocket launchers, RBU-1000, with 48 rockets, and a Ka-27 helicopter.
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SPADEFISH

USS Spadefish was an American submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1944 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Spadefish was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SPADEFISH II

USS Spadefish is an American Sturgeon Class attack submarine of 4960 tons displacement dived launched in 1968. USS Spadefish is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor and two steam turbines providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 107 including 12 officers and is armed with Tomahawk nuclear missiles and four 21 inch Mk 63 torpedo tubes amidships taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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SPANGENBURG

The USS Spangenburg was an American Buckley Class escort destroyer of 1400 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Spangenburg had a top speed of 26 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; six 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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SPANKER

A spanker is a large fore-and-aft sail set upon the mizzen-mast of a ship or barque, the top extended by a gaff, the foot by a boom. It is also called the mizzen.
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SPAR

On a sailing ship, a spar is a support from which a sail is hung.
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SPAR-DECK

Spar-deck is a nautical, a term somewhat loosely applied, though properly signifying a temporary deck, consisting of spars supported on beams, laid in any part of a vessel. It also means the quarter-deck, gangways, and forecastle of a deep-waisted vessel, and is applied to the upper entire deck of a double-banked vessel without an open waist.
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SPARK

HMS Spark was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Spark was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPARTAKOVETZ

The Spartakovetz was a Russian Yakobinetz Class submarine of 959 tons displacement launched in 1931. The Spartakovetz had a top speed of 15 knots surface; 8 knots submerged and was armed with one 4 inch anti-aircraft gun; one 37 mm anti-aircraft gun; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SPARTAN

HMS Spartan is a British Swiftsure Class fleet submarine of 4900 tons displacement dived launched in 1978. HMS Spartan is powered by a pressurised water-cooled PWR 1 nuclear reactor and a Paxman auxiliary diesel engine providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 116 including 13 officers and is armed with McDonnell Douglas UGM-84B Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles and five 21 inch bow torpedo tubes taking the Marconi Tigerfish Mk 24 Mod 2 torpedo and Spearfish torpedoes. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes.
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SPARTIATE

The Spartiate was a French 74-gun ship captured by the British at the Nile in 1798.
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SPEAR

The USS Spear was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Spear was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPEARFISH

HMS Spearfish was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Spearfish was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPEARFISH II

The USS Spearfish was an American Sargo Class cruiser type submarine of 1450 tons displacement launched in 1938. the USS Spearfish was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots surfaced and carried a complement of 55. She was armed with one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; one anti-aircraft machine-gun; four bow 21 inch torpedo tubes and four stern 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SPEARHEAD

HMS Spearhead was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Spearhead was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPECTER

The USS Specter was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Specter was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPEED

The USS Speed was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Speed was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPEEDWELL

HMS Speedwell was a British Halcyon Class fleet minesweeper of 815 tons displacement of the Second World War launched in 1935. HMS Speedwell was powered by two sets of 3-cylinder compound engines providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a complement of 80 and was armed with two 4-inch anti-aircraft guns and five smaller guns.
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SPEEDY

HMS Speedy was a British Halcyon Class fleet minesweeper of 875 tons displacement of the Second World War launched in 1938. HMS Speedy was powered by two sets of 3-cylinder compound engines providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a complement of 80 and was armed with two 4-inch anti-aircraft guns and five smaller guns.
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SPENCE

The USS Spence was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme and sunk during the Second World War. The USS Spence was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SPENCER

Spencer is the name given to a fore and aft gaff sail carried in square-rigged ships instead of mizzen staysails. The spencer was usually attached to the gaff by hoops, which enabled it be handled easily.
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SPERBER

The Sperber is a German Albatros class fast attack missile craft of 398 tons displacement commissioned in 1976. She is powered by four MTU 16V956 TB91 diesels providing a top speed of 40 knots and a range of 1300 miles at 30 knots. She carries a crew of 40 including four officers. Armaments consist of two twin Aerospatiale Exocet MM38 anti-ship missile launchers; two OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose guns; two 533 mm aft torpedo tubes taking the AEG Seeal wire-guided; active homing torpedo.
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SPETSAI

The Spetsai was a Greek Ydra Class destroyer of 1389 tons displacement launched in 1931. The Spetsai was powered by three Express type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 39.5 knots and a range of 9280 km. She carried a complement of 156 and was armed with four 4.7 inch guns; three 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and six 21 inch torpedo tubes, and carried forty mines.
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SPEY

HMS Spey was a British River Class frigate of 1460 tons displacement launched in 1941. HMS Spey was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots. She carried a complement of 140 and was armed with two 4-inch dual-purpose guns; ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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SPHENDONI

The Sphendoni was a Greek Thyella Class torpedo boat of 305 tons displacement launched in 1907. The Sphendoni had a top speed of 30 knots and carried a complement of 70. Armaments consisted of two 3.5 inch Krupp guns; one 2.7 inch anti-aircraft gun and two 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SPHEROGRAPH

A spherograph is a nautical instrument consisting of a stereographic projection of the sphere upon a disc of pasteboard, in which the meridians and parallels of latitude are laid down to single degrees. By the aid of this projection, and a ruler and index, the angular position of a ship at any place, and the distance sailed, may be readily and accurately determined on the principle of great circle sailing.
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SPICA

The Spica was a Swedish patrol boat of 105 tons displacement launched between 1908 and 1910 as a torpedo boat. The Spica had a top speed of 25 knots and was armed with one 57 mm gun and one 18 inch torpedo tube.
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SPIDOLA

The Spidola was a French-built Latvian submarine of 390 tons displacement launched in 1926. The Spidola was powered by two sets of Suizer diesel engines providing a top speed of 14 knots surfaced and 9 knots submerged. She was armed with one 3 inch un; two machine-guns and six 17.7 inch torpedo tubes, two fixed in the bow and the other four in revolving twin mounts. The Spidola carried a complement of 28 and could dive to a depth of 28 fathoms.
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SPIKEFISH

USS Spikefish was an American Balao Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1944. USS Spikefish was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots, carried a complement of 75 and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SPINAX

USS Spinax was an American Corsair Class submarine of 1570 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Spinax was armed with one 5 inch gun; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SPINNAKER

A spinnaker is a large, triangular jib-headed racing sail carried forward or opposite the mainsail of a yacht, running before the wind. The spinnaker is large, conspicuous and is frequently very brightly coloured. Spinnakers are first mentioned in the mid-19th century.
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SPIRAEA

HMS Spiraea was a British Flower Class corvette of 980 tons displacement launched in 1940. HMS Spiraea was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots. She carried a complement of 85 and was armed with one 4-inch dual-purpose gun; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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SPIRIT

HMS Spirit was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Spirit was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPIRO

The Spiro was an Argentinean minesweeper of 450 tons displacement that saw service during the Second World War launched in 1937. The Spiro was powered by two sets of MAN 2-cycle diesel engines providing a top speed of 15 knots and a range of 4800 km. She carried a complement of 62 and was armed with two 3.9 inch guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge dischargers.
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SPIRO II

The Spiro is an Argentinean Meko 140 Type Frigate. She was built by Afne in Rio Santiago and launched on the 24th of June 1983. She has a displacement of 1470 tons and is armed with four Aerospatiale Exocet MM40 missiles, one OTO Melara 3in gun, four Breda 40 mm guns, six 324 mm ILAS 3 (2 triple) torpedo tubes and Chaff rocket launchers. She is powered by two Type 16PC2-5V400 SEMT-Pielstick 16-cylinder diesel engines providing 20400bhp and a top speed of 27 knots and a range of 6400 km. She carries a crew of 11 officers and 82 men.
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SPITEFUL

HMS Spiteful was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Spiteful was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPLENDID

HMS Splendid was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Splendid was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPLENDID II

HMS Splendid is a British Swiftsure Class fleet submarine of 4900 tons displacement dived launched in 1979. HMS Splendid is powered by a pressurised water-cooled PWR 1 nuclear reactor and a Paxman auxiliary diesel engine providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 116 including 13 officers and is armed with McDonnell Douglas UGM-84B Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles and five 21 inch bow torpedo tubes taking the Marconi Tigerfish Mk 24 Mod 2 torpedo and Spearfish torpedoes. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes.
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SPLICE

In nautical terms, a splice is a work in a rope which creates an eye or a joint without tying a knot. A splice works on friction and has the advantage that it doesn't weaken a rope as much as a knot does.
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SPOKANE

The USS Spokane was an American San Diego Class light cruiser of 6000 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Spokane had a top speed of 35 knots and carried a complement of 597. She was armed with twelve 5 inch dual-purpose guns; twenty-eight 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and twelve 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPORTSMAN

HMS Sportsman was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPOT

USS Spot was an American Balao Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1944. USS Spot was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots, carried a complement of 75 and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SPRIG

The USS Sprig was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Sprig was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPRINGAREN

The Springaren was a Swedish Delfinen Class sea-going submarine of 540 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Springaren had a top speed of 15 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 28 and was armed with one 4.1 inch gun; one 57 mm anti-aircraft gun; three bow 21 inch torpedo tubes and one stern 21 inch torpedo tube
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SPRINGER

HMS Springer was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Springer was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SPRINGER II

USS Springer was an American Balao Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1944. USS Springer was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots, carried a complement of 75 and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SPRINGEREN

The Springeren was a Danish S Class torpedo boat of 110 tons displacement launched in 1917. The Springeren had a top speed of 24.3 knots and carried a complement of 26. She was armed with two 6-pdr anti-aircraft guns and one 18-inch torpedo tube.
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SPRINGFIELD

The USS Springfield was an American Cleveland Class light cruiser of 10000 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Springfield was powered by eight Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 33 knots and carried a complement of 900 and three aircraft. She was armed with twelve 6 inch guns; twelve 5 inch dual-purpose guns arranged in pairs; twenty-four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and nineteen 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPRINGHILL

HMCS Springhill was a Canadian frigate of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1943. HMCS Springhill was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 140. She was armed with two 4 inch dual-purpose guns and ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SPRIT

A sprit is a small boom, pole, or spar which crosses the sail of a boat diagonally from the mast to the upper aftmost corner, which it is used to extend and elevate. Such a sail is called a spritsail. The same name was formerly given to a sail attached to a yard under the bowsprit of large vessels.
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SPRITSAIL

A spritsail or sprit sail is a type of sail which is extended by a sprit or pole, reaching diagonally across the sail from the mast at the foot, to the peak, outer edge corner of the sail. It can be raised, lowered or brailed up very quickly.
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SPROSTON

The USS Sproston was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Sproston was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SPRUANCE

The USS Spruance is an American Spruance Class guided missile destroyer.
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SPRUANCE CLASS

The Spruance Class is a type of American destroyer. They have a displacement of 9100 tons. The ships are powered by four General Electric LM 2500 gas turbines, producing 80000 shaft horsepower and a top speed in excess of 30 knots. The ships are manned by a crew of 30 officers and 352 enlisted men and carry Two SH-60 Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters. Armaments consist of 8 Harpoon missiles (from two quad launchers), Tomahawk missiles; ASROC; six Honeywell Mark-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); two 5in/54 calibre Mk-45 guns and two 20mm Phalanx CIWS.
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SPUR

HMS Spur was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Spur was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SQUALO

The Squalo was an Italian Squalo Class coastal submarine of 810 tons displacement launched in 1930. The Squalo was powered by two sets of Fiat diesel engines providing a top speed of 16.5 knots surfaced and two electric motors providing a top speed of 9 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 48 and was armed with one 4 inch gun; two 13 mm anti-aircraft guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SQUARE-RIGGED

Square-Rigged is a term applied to a vessel carrying chiefly square saila, that is, whose principal sails are extended by yards suspended by the middle, and not by stays, gaffs, booms, and lateen yards. Thus a ship and a brig are square-rigged vessels.
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SQUIRREL

The Squirrel was an English ship of about 45 tons displacement which was one of the five ships that Humphrey Gilbert took on his expedition to claim Newfoundland for England in 1583. The Squirrel had three masts, square-rigged with a lateen-rigged mizzen and carried a crew of 11. On the return journey from Newfoundland the Squirrel was lost with all hands in the Atlantic, last being seen by the Golden Hind on the 9th of September 1583.
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SQUIRREL II

HMS Squirrel was a British Algerine Class minesweeper of 950 tons displacement launched and lost during the Second World War. HMS Squirrel was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a peacetime complement of 85 and between 104 and 138 in war. For defence she was armed with one 4-inch dual-purpose gun; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge throwers.
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SRI GUMANTONG

The Sri Gumantong is a Singapore-built Malaysian PX Class police boat of 86.4 tons displacement launched in the late 1960's. The Sri Gumantong is powered by two Mercedes-Benz MTU 820 Db 12-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 550 miles at 20 knots. The Sri Gumantong carries a crew of 15 and is armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm machine-guns and one FN 7.62 mm calibre machine-gun.
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SRI LABUAN

The Sri Labuan is a Singapore-built Malaysian PX Class police boat of 86.4 tons displacement launched in the late 1960's. The Sri Labuan is powered by two Mercedes-Benz MTU 820 Db 12-cylinder diesel engines providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 550 miles at 20 knots. The Sri Labuan carries a crew of 15 and is armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm machine-guns and one FN 7.62 mm calibre machine-gun.
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SRI MENANTI

The Sri Menanti is a Singapore-built Malaysian Improved PX Class police boat of 92 tons displacement launched in 1972. The Sri Menanti is powered by two MTU diesel engines providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 1440 km at 15 knots. The Sri Menanti carries a crew of 15 and is armed with two Oerlikon 20 mm machine-guns.
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ST AUSTELL BAY

HMS St Austell Bay was a British Bay Class anti-aircraft frigate of 1600 tons displacement launched in 1944. She carried a crew of 157 and had a top speed of 19.5 knots. Armaments consisted of four 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in two pairs; six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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ST BONIFACE

HMCS St Boniface was a Canadian minesweeper of 950 tons displacement launched in 1942. HMCS Boniface was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 15 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 4 inch dual-purpose gun; four 20 mm Oerlikon guns; one hedgehog anti-ship mortar and two depth charge throwers.
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ST BRIDES BAY

HMS St Brides Bay was a British Bay Class anti-aircraft frigate of 1600 tons displacement launched in 1945. She carried a crew of 157 and had a top speed of 19.5 knots. Armaments consisted of four 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in two pairs; six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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ST CLAIR

The St Clair was a Canadian Annapolis Class destroyer of 1060 tons displacement launched in 1918 as the USS Williams and transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy from the USA in 1940. The St Clair was powered by four Yarrow oil fuelled boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She was armed with four 4-inch guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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ST CROIX

The St Croix was a Canadian St Croix Class destroyer of 1190 tons displacement launched in 1919 as the USS McCook and transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy from the USA in 1940. The St Croix was powered by four Yarrow oil fuelled boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She was armed with four 4-inch guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes.
The St Francis was a Canadian St Croix Class destroyer of 1190 tons displacement launched in 1919 as the USS Bancroft and transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy from the USA in 1940. The St Croix was powered by four Yarrow oil fuelled boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She was armed with four 4-inch guns; two anti-aircraft machine-guns and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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ST GEORGE

The St George was a British first-class cruiser of 7700 tons launched in 1892 and partly reconstructed in 1903. The name St George has been used for British warships since 1622.
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ST JAMES

HMS St James was a British Battle Class destroyer of 2315 tons displacement designed for operation in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War and launched in 1945. HMS St James was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a crew of 250 in peace time and 337 during the Second World War. She was armed with two pairs of 4.5 inch dual-purpose guns mounted forward; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; two depth charge howitzers; ten 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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ST JOHN

HMCS St John was a Canadian frigate of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1943. HMCS St John was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 140. She was armed with two 4 inch dual-purpose guns and ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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ST KITTS

HMS St Kitts was a British Battle Class destroyer of 2315 tons displacement designed for operation in the Pacific Ocean during the Second World War and launched in 1944. HMS St Kitts was powered by three Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a crew of 250 in peace time and 337 during the Second World War. She was armed with two pairs of 4.5 inch dual-purpose guns mounted forward; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; two depth charge howitzers; ten 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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ST LO

The USS St Lo was an American Casablanca Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 6730 tons displacement launched around 1944 and sunk during the Second World War. The USS St Lo had a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 800 and about 30 aircraft. She was armed with one 5 inch gun and twenty-four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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ST LOUIS

The USS St Louis was an American light cruiser of 10000 tons displacement launched in 1938 in response to the Japanese Mogami Class vessels. The USS St Louis was powered by eight Babcock and Wilcox Express type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 32.5 knots and a range of 23200 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 868; four or eight aircraft and was armed with fifteen 6 inch guns; eight 5 inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3 pounder guns; five 1 pounder guns and three machine-guns, later rearmed with fifteen 6 inch guns; eight 5 inch dual-purpose guns; sixteen 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and twenty-four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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ST LOUIS II

The USS St Louis is an American Charleston Class amphibious cargo ship of 10000 tons light displacement designed specifically for the role of an attack cargo ship to support amphibious operations. The USS St Louis is powered by two Combustion Engineering boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots. She carries a crew of 356 including 22 officers and cargo of 362 troops plus landing craft. Armaments consist of three twin arrangements of USN 3 inch/50 Mk 33 guns and two General Electric/General Dynamics 20 mm Vulcan Phalanx Mk 15 guns.
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ST PAUL

The USS St Paul was an American Baltimore Class heavy cruiser of 13600 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS St Paul was powered by eight Babcock and Wilcox oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 33 knots and carried a complement of 1700 and four aircraft. She was armed with nine 8 inch guns; twelve 5 inch guns; forty-four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and twenty-eight 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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ST STEPHEN

HMCS St Stephen was a Canadian frigate of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1944. HMCS St Stephen was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 140. She was armed with two 4 inch dual-purpose guns and ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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ST VINCENT

HMS St Vincent was a British St Vincent Class dreadnought based on an enlargement of the Bellerophon design. HMS St Vincent had a displacement of 19250 tons and was launched in 1908 and completed in 1910. HMS St Vincent carried a complement of about 820 and was powered by a Parsons turbine fed by Babcock coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 22 knots. She was armed with ten 12 inch guns; twelve 4 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3 pdr guns; five machine guns and two broadside submerged 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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STACK

The USS Stack was an American Gridley Class destroyer of 1500 tons displacement launched in 1938. The USS Stack was powered by four Express Type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots and a range of 12800 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 172 and was armed with four 5 inch dual-purpose guns; four machine-guns and sixteen 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four quadruple arrangements.
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STADTFELD

The USS Stadtfeld was an American Evarts Class escort destroyer of 1150 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Stadtfeld was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 200. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and eight depth charge throwers.
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STAFF

The USS Staff was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Staff was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STALIN

The Stalin (formerly the Samson) was a Russian Uritski Class minelayer destroyer of 1150 tons displacement launched in 1915. The Stalin was powered by oil-fuelled Thornycroft boilers providing a top speed of 30 knots and carried a complement of 157. She was armed with four 3.9 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; one machine-gun; nine 18 inch torpedo tubes arranged in three triples and carried mines.
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STALINETZ

The Stalinetz was a Russian Dekabrist Class submarine of 896 tons displacement launched between 1929 and 1935. The Stalinetz had a top speed of 15 knots surface; 8 knots submerged and carried a complement of 44. She was armed with one 4 inch anti-aircraft gun; one 37 mm anti-aircraft gun; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes - six in the bow and two in the stern.
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STALINSK

The Stalinsk was a Russian leningrad Class destroyer of 2900 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Stalinsk was powered by 3-drum type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She was armed with five 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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STANLY

The USS Stanly was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Stanly was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STARBOARD

Starboard is the right-hand side of a vessel facing the bows and the opposite of port.
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STARFISH

HMS Starfish was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Starfish was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STARKODDER

The Starkodder (formerly the Graham) was a Norwegian-built whaling ship launched in 1925 and bought by the Swedish navy in 1935 and converted into a mine sweeper of 375 tons displacement. The Starkodder had a top speed of 15 knots and was armed with one 37 mm gun.
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STARLING

HMS Starling was a British modified Black Swan Class sloop of 1430 tons displacement launched in 1942. HMS Starling was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 192. She was armed with six 4 inch dual purpose guns and eight 2 pounder anti-aircraft guns.
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STARLING II

The USS Starling was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Starling was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STARLING III

HMS Starling is a British Peacock Class large patrol craft of 690 tons displacement fully loaded. HMS Starling is powered by two Crossley Pielstick 18 PA6V 280 diesel engines providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 2500 miles at 17 knots. She carries a crew of 31 including six officers and has seven spare berths. Armaments consist of one 3 inch/62 OTO Melara compact dual-purpose guns and four FN 7.62 mm machine-guns.
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START BAY

HMS Start Bay was a British Bay Class anti-aircraft frigate of 1600 tons displacement launched in 1945. She carried a crew of 157 and had a top speed of 19.5 knots. Armaments consisted of four 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in two pairs; six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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STATESMAN

HMS Statesman was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Statesman was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STAUNCH

The USS Staunch was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Staunch was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STAVANGER

The Stavanger was a British-built Norwegian destroyer of 1710 tons displacement launched in 1945 as HMS Crystal and acquired by Norway in 1946. The Stavanger was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and carried a complement of 235. She was armed with four 4.5 inch dual-purpose guns; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and four 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in a quad.
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STAY

In sailing ships, a stay is a large, strong rope, extending from the upper end of a mast down to another mast, or to some part of the vessel, with the object of lending support to the mast to whose top it is attached. Those leading forward are called fore-and-aft stays, and those leading down to the vessel's sides and pulling a little backwards are called back stays. A sail extended on a stay is a stay sail. In large vessels there were a number of these of a triangular shape. To stay is to tack or bring the ship's head up to the wind for going about; to miss stays is to fail in the attempt to go about. In stays orhove in stays is the situation of a vessel when she is in the act of going about.
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STEADY

The USS Steady was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Steady was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STEAM BAVIGATION

Steam Navigation is the navigation of ships in which steam is the sole or main propelling power. As early as 1736 Jonathan Hulls in England patented a method of propelling a vessel by steam by means of a stern wheel. In America James Rumsey and also John Fitch succeeded in 1786 in constructing each a vessel that was actually driven by steam; but the real precursor of the paddle-wheel steamer was constructed in 1788 by a Scottish landed proprietor, Patrick Miller of Dalawinton, on Dalswinton Loch in Dumfriesshire. This vessel, which was a double or twin boat, measured 25 feet in length by 7 feet in breadth, and was fitted with two paddle-wheels, one before and the other behind the engine. The mechanical part was constructed in Edinburgh under the superintendence of William Symington, and the speed attained was about 5 miles an hour. The following year a larger boat was built on the same principle and successfully tried on the Forth and Clyde Canal. In 1801 Lord Dundas employed Symington to construct a steamboat for use upon the Forth and Clyde Canal. This vessel, which was launched in 1802 and named the Charlotte Dundas, had one paddle-wheel near the stern, and was driven by a direct-acting horizontal engine with a connecting-rod and crank. It was seen by Robert Fulton, an American engineer, who in 1807 employed the English firm of Boulton and Watt to construct an engine upon the same principle, and this he fitted into a steamer called the Clermont, 130 feet long, which plied successfully upon the Hudson River. A number of steam-vessels were soon after plying on American waters.

The first passenger steamer employed in Great Britain was the Comet, a vessel designed and built in 1812 to the order of Henry Bell by John Wood of Port-Glasgow, and fitted with an engine by John Robertson of Glasgow. This was a wooden vessel, 42 feet long, 11 feet broad, and 5 feet 6 inches deep, with a long funnel which served as a mast to which a large square sail was attached. The engine, in its first form, had a cylinder 11 inches in diameter with a stroke of 16 inches, a fly-wheel, and two pair of paddle-wheels, 7 feet in diameter, with a spur-wheel arrangement in order to make the paddles rotate at the same speed. The double paddle - wheel arrangement proved a failure, and another engine was substituted with a cylinder 12.5 inches in diameter, 4 horse-power, and a single pair of paddle-wheels.

After the Comet was successfully tried numerous steamboats were built: among others the Rob Roy (1818),which was the first to establish regular sailings between Greeuock and Belfast; and the Talbot (1819), which plied between Holyhead and Dublin. The first steam-vessel employed in the British navy was built in 1822 at Woolwich dockyard, and was called the Comet. It measured 115 feet in length, 21 feet in breadth, and its pair of engines, which were constructed by Boulton and Watt, developed 40 horse-power each.

In 1819 the Savannah made the voyage to Liverpool from America in twenty-six days, its capacity as a sailing vessel being partly aided by steam.

It was not until 1838, however, that regular steamboat communication was established across the Atlantic. In that year the Sirius steamed from London to New York in seventeen days; and a few months afterwards the Great Western made the voyage from Bristol to New York in fifteen days. These were all paddle-steamers, and that type of vessel culminated in the Scotia (1861) of the Cunard line, which made the passage to New York in nine days. The measurements of this vessel were: length 366 feet, breadth 47 feet 6 inches; cylinder diameter 100 inches with a stroke of 12 feet, and the engines were of the side-lever type. Meanwhile various experiments were made with the screw-propeller.

The first steamer in Great Britain fitted with a screw was the Archimedes (1839), built on the Thames; the first screw-ship in the British navy was the Dwarf (1843); and the first iron screw-steamer was the Fire Queen (1845), built at Glasgow.
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STEAMER BAY

The USS Steamer Bay was an American Casablanca Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 6730 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Steamer Bay had a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 800 and about 30 aircraft. She was armed with one 5 inch gun and twenty-four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STEAMSHIP

A steamship is a vessel propelled by the power of steam. One of the earliest steamships was the Charlotte Dundas, built by Symington in Scotland between 1801 and 1802, and used on the Firth and Clyde canal. Another early steamship was the Clermont, constructed by Fulton in 1807m with engines built in England. The Clermont was a successful passenger vessel conveying passengers between New York and Albany. In 1812 steamships started to become common place, with the first trans-Atlantic steamship crossing taking place in 1819 by the Savannah which was fitted with both a steam engine and with sails.
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STEAMSHIP LINES

The City of Dublin Steam Packet Company, a pioneer in steamship lines, was established in 1823 and was still in existence in 1906. The General Steam Navigation Company was founded in the following year and was also still in existence at the start of the 20th century. In 1900 there were about forty steamship lines of all nations with a total tonnage of not less than 100,000 each, about half of them being British. Some of the more important British steamship lines or companies were the following: Cunard Steamship Company, founded in 1840, from Liverpool to New York and Boston, famous for its fine fleet (Campania, Lucania, Carmania, Lusitania, and Mauritania); British India Steam Navigation Company, founded in 1855, serving the British and Dutch East Indies, the Persian Gulf, Queensland, the Philippines, Japan, etc; Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, founded in 1835, running to India, Sri Lanka, Straits Settlements, China, Japan, and Australia (later this line was known as P & O);

White Star Line, founded in 1869, principally to New York and Boston from Liverpool, noted for many fine vessels (Oceanic, Teutonic, Majestic, Celtic, Cedric, Baltic and the ill-fated Titanic); Ellerman Lines, comprising the Ellerman Line, City Line, Hall Line, etc, running to India, the Mediterranean and Black Sea, etc; Union-Castle Line, formed in 1900 by the amalgamation of the Union Line (1853) and the Castle Line (1872), to South Africa from Southampton and London; Elder, Dempster, & Co. owning the British and African Steam Navigation Company, the African Steamship Company, and other lines, serving West Africa, the West Indies, etc; Holt Line, to China, Japan, Vancouver, Straits Settlements, Dutch East Indies, and Australia; Leyland Line, to American cotton ports, West Indies, etc; Harrison Line, to West Indies, United States, Central and South America, East Indies, East Africa, etc; Wilson Line, to Baltic ports, Black Sea, America, and India, with Hull as its head-quarters; Pacific Steam Navigation Company, incorporated in 1840, to the west coast of South America from Liverpool; Clan Line, founded in 1878, from Glasgow and Liverpool to India, South Africa, etc; Allan Line, dating as a sailing-ship line back to 1820, and later including the State Line, sailing chiefly between Glasgow and Canada; Anchor Line, founded in 1852, from Glasgow to United States and India; Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, incorporated in 1839, to the West Indies and South America.


Among British Colonial lines the largest was the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand (1875), with services between Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.

The chief foreign steamship lines were as follows: Hamburg-America Line, dating from 1847, and at the start of the 20th century the largest in the world, maintaining services from Hamburg to the United States, Canada, West Indies, Central America, South America, eastern Asia, etc; North German Lloyd (1856), with head-quarters at Bremen, sailing to America, eastern Asia, Australia, etc, the second largest line in the world at the start of the 20th century; Messageries Maritimes de France (1851), from Marseilles and Bordeaux to Mediterranean and Black Sea ports, India, Australia, New Zealand, China, Japan, Dutch East Indies, eastern Africa, South America, etc. The American Line, including the Inman and Red Star Lines, with Philadelphia as its head-quarters, maintained a transatlantic service. The International Mercantile Marine Company, a combine effected by J. Pierpont Morgan in 1902, comprised the American, Atlantic Transport, Dominion, Leyland, Red Star, and White Star Lines.

Steamship lines declined rapidly with the advent of the modern aircraft, and by the later part of the 20th century were effectively extinct apart from a few cruise ships and short haul ferries.
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STEELE

The USS Steele was an American Evarts Class escort destroyer of 1150 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Steele was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 200. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and eight depth charge throwers.
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STEELHEAD

The USS Steelhead was an American Gato Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Steelhead had a top speed of 21 knots surfaced and carried a complement of between 65 and 74. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun; two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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STEERAGE

Steerage is an apartment or space in the 'tween-decks of a ship forward of the main or chief cabin. In passenger ships it is assigned to the inferior class of passengers.
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STEERING APPARATUS

In a ship, the steering apparatus is the contrivance by which a vessel is steered, usually composed of three parts: the rudder, the tiller, and the wheel, except in small vessels, where the wheel is unnecessary. The rudder or helm is a long and flat piece or frame susspended edgewise down the hind part of a ship's stern-post, where it turns upon a kind of hinge to the right or left, serving to direct the course of a vessel, as the tail of a fish guides the body. The tiller is a bar of timber or iron, fixed horizontally to the upper end of the rudder and projecting within the vessel. The movements of the tiller are effected in small vessels by hand, assisted by a sort of tackle called the tiller-rope. In larger vessels there are properly speaking two ropes, or more commonly chains, which being wound about the axis or barrel of a wheel, act upon the tiller with the powers of a windlass. In the later larger vessels of the 19th century a ponderous system of braces and tackle became necessary to assist the working of the wheel. This was later remedied by the introduction of hydraulic or steam-steering apparatus, which was a device interposed between the tiller-wheel and the rudder-head. There are numerous forms of apparatus, and by many mechanical improvements in steering machinery, manual labour at the wheel was reduced to a minimum.
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STEIN

The USS Stein is an American Knox Class frigate of 3011 tons standard displacement launched in 1970. The USS Stein is powered by two Babcock & Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 27 knots and a range of 6400 km at 22 knots running on one boiler. She carries a crew of 288 including 17 officers and is armed with eight McDonnell Douglas Harpoon surface-to-surface missiles; a Honeywell ASROC Mk 16 octuple anti-ship launcher; one FMC 5 inch/54 Mk 42 Mod 9 dual-purpose gun; a General Electric/General Dynamics 20 mm/76 6-barrelled Mk 15 Vulcan Phalanx gun and two pairs of 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes taking the Honeywell Mk 46 and Mk 50 torpedoes. A SH-2F LAMPS I helicopter is also carried.
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STEINAKER

The USS Steinaker was an American Gearing Class destroyer of 2400 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Steinaker was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STELLA

The Stella was a British passenger steamer belonging to the L&SWR. She was wrecked in a fog on March the 30th 1899 at the Black Rock twelve kilometres from Alderney with the loss of 105 lives.
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STEM

The stem is a curved piece of timber or combination of timber to which the two sides of a ship are united at the fore end, or the similar portion of an iron or steel vessel. The outside of the stem is usually marked with a scale of feet showing the perpendicular height from the keel.
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STEMBEL

The USS Stembel was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Stembel was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STEPHEN POTTER

The USS Stephen Potter was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Stephen Potter was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STERETT

The USS Sterett was an American Gridley Class destroyer of 1500 tons displacement launched in 1938. The USS Sterett was powered by four Express Type oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots and a range of 12800 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 172 and was armed with four 5 inch dual-purpose guns; four machine-guns and sixteen 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four quadruple arrangements.
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STERLET

HMS Sterlet was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Sterlet was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STERLET II

USS Sterlet was an American submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1943 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Sterlet was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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STERLIAD

The Sterliad was a Russian Lin Class coastal defence submarine of 500 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Sterliad had a top speed of 19 knots surface; 9 knots submerged. She was armed with one 1 pounder anti-aircraft gun; four 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STERN

The stern is the posterior part of a ship, or that part which is presented to the view of a spectator standing behind the vessel.
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STETHEM

The USS Stethem is an American Arleigh Burke Class guided missile destroyer of 8300 tons displacement. She is powered by four General Electric LM 2500-30 gas turbines producing 100000 total shaft horsepower and a top speed of over 30 knots. She is manned by a crew of 23 officers and 300 enlisted men and is armed with standard missiles; Harpoon; Tomahawk missiles; six Honeywell Mark-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); one 5 inch/54 calibre Mk-45 gun and two 20mm Phalanx CIWS.
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STEVENS

The USS Stevens was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Stevens was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STEVENSON

The USS Stevenson was an American Buchanan Class destroyer of 1630 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Stevenson was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 210 and was armed with four 5 inch guns; four 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; seven 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and five 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in a quintuple arrangements.
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STEVENSTONE

HMS Stevenstone was a British No 3 Type Hunt Class destroyer of 1050 tons displacement launched in 1942. HMS Stevenstone was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 27 knots and carried a complement of 168. She was armed with six 4 inch anti-aircraft guns; one 2 pounder gun; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and two 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STEWART

The USS Stewart was an American flush deck type destroyer of 1193 tons displacement launched in 1920. The USS Stewart was powered by four White-Forster oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 122 and was armed with four 4 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four triple arrangements.
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STEWART II

The USS Stewart was an American Edsall Class escort destroyer of 1200 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Stewart was powered by Fairbanks-Morse diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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STICKELL

The USS Stickell was an American Gearing Class destroyer of 2400 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Stickell was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STICKLEBACK

USS Stickleback was an American Balao Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1944. USS Stickleback was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 21 knots, carried a complement of 75 and was armed with one 4-inch gun, two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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STIFF

In sailing, stiff means standing upright under a large spread of sail, as distinct to crank.
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STINGRAY

USS Stingray was an American Salmon Class submarine of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1937 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Stingray was powered by diesel engines and was armed with one 3-inch gun, one anti-aircraft machine-gun, four 21-inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes. She was manned by a crew of 55.
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STOCKHAM

The USS Stockham was an American Improved Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Stockham was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; ten 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eight 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STOCKHOLM

The Stockholm was a Swedish Goteborg Class destroyer of 1040 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Stockholm was powered by three Penhoet boilers providing a top speed of 42 knots and carried a complement of 130. She was armed with three 4.7 inch guns; six 25 mm anti-aircraft guns; two machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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STOCKTON

The USS Stockton was an American Buchanan Class destroyer of 1630 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Stockton was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 210 and was armed with four 5 inch guns; four 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; seven 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and five 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in a quintuple arrangements.
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STODDARD

The USS Stoddard was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Stoddard was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STOIC

HMS Stoic was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Stoic was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STOKE

HMS Stoke was a British improved Hunt Class minesweeper of 710 tons displacement built under the Emergency War Programme during the Great War and launched sometime between 1917 and 1919, seeing action during the Second World War. HMS Stoke was powered by Yarrow coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots and a range of about 2400 km at top speed. She carried a complement of 73 and was armed with a 4-inch anti-aircraft gun and one smaller gun.
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STONEHENGE

HMS Stonehenge was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Stonehenge was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STONEWALL JACKSON

USS Stonewall Jackson is an American strategic missile submarine of 8250 tons displacement dived launched in 1963. USS Stonewall Jackson is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor providing a top speed of 25 knots dived. She carries a crew of 143 including 13 officers and is armed with 16 Lockheed Trident (C4) nuclear inter-continental ballistic missiles and four 21 inch Mk 65 bow torpedo tubes taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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STOPPER KNOT

In nautical terms, a stopper knot is a knot which prevents a rope from being pulled through an eye.
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STORCH

The Storch is a German Tiger Class fast attack missile craft of 265 tons displacement commissioned in 1974. She is powered by four MTU MD 872 16-cylinder diesels providing a top speed of 36 knots and a range of 570 miles at 30 knots and 1600 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 30 including four officers. Armaments consist of two twin Aerospatiale Exocet MM38 anti-ship missile launchers; one OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose gun; one Bofors 40 mm/70 anti-aircraft gun; mine laying capability.
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STORD

The Stord was a British-built Norwegian destroyer of 1796 tons displacement launched in 1943 as HMS Success. The Stord was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with four 4.7 inch guns; ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quads.
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STOREN

The Storen was a Danish S Class torpedo boat of 110 tons displacement launched in 1917. The Storen had a top speed of 24.3 knots and carried a complement of 26. She was armed with two 6-pdr anti-aircraft guns and one 18-inch torpedo tube.
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STOREN II

The Storen is a Danish Flyvefisken Class multi-role warship. For all roles except anti-pollution, the ship carries one 76 mm Otobreda Super Rapid gun which fires 120 rounds per minute and has a range of 16 km. For surface combat roles, two 533 mm torpedo tubes are fitted with Bofors TP613 wire-guided passive homing torpedoes. For ASW roles, anti-submarine torpedoes and depth charge launchers are carried. the AGM-84 (Harpoon) surface-to-surface missile system is fitted for the surface combat role, as is the Mk 48 NATO Vertical Launch Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile system. The Mk 48 Mod 3 launcher (for vessels under 1000 tons) has cells for six missiles. Mine rails for 60 bottom mines are fitted for mine laying missions. The hull is constructed of an FRP (fibre-reinforced plastic) sandwich with a cellular core between outer and inner FRP laminates. This material reduces weight and maintenance, since it is non-magnetic. Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) in the non-metallic hull is achieved by sprayed layers of zinc and shielding of cable glands and penetrating non-metallic pipes and ducts.
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STORK

HMS Stork was a British surveying vessel converted into an escort vessel of 1190 tons displacement launched in 1936 and refitted as a sloop in 1939. She was armed with four 4.7-inch guns; four 3-pounder guns and eight smaller guns. She was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 18.75 knots and carried a complement of 125.
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STORM

HMS Storm was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Storm was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STORMCLOUD

HMS Stormcloud was a British Algerine Class minesweeper of 950 tons displacement launched in 1943. HMS Stormcloud was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a peacetime complement of 85 and between 104 and 138 in war. For defence she was armed with one 4-inch dual-purpose gun; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge throwers.
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STORMES

The USS Stormes was an American Allen M Sumner Class destroyer of 2200 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Stormes was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STORNOWAY

HMS Stornoway was a British Bangor Class minesweeper of about 665 tons displacement launched in 1941. HMS Stornoway was powered by two 3-drum small tube type boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots. She carried a complement of 60 and was armed with one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and four machine-guns.
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STOROSHEVOI

The Storoshevoi was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Storoshevoi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STOUT

The USS Stout is an American Arleigh Burke Class guided missile destroyer of 8300 tons displacement. She is powered by four General Electric LM 2500-30 gas turbines producing 100000 total shaft horsepower and a top speed of over 30 knots. She is manned by a crew of 23 officers and 300 enlisted men and is armed with standard missiles; Harpoon; Tomahawk missiles; six Honeywell Mark-46 torpedoes (from two triple tube mounts); one 5 inch/54 calibre Mk-45 gun and two 20mm Phalanx CIWS.
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STRALE

The Strale was an Italian Dardo Class destroyer of 1206 tons displacement launched in 1931. The Strale was powered by three 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 38 knots and carried a complement of 150. She was armed with four 4.7-inch guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 13 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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STRASBOURG

The Strasbourg was a French Dunkerque Class battleship of 38500 tons displacement launched in 1936 and used during the Second World War. She was armed with eight 13 inch guns; sixteen 5.1 inch dual purpose guns; four 47 mm guns; eight 37 mm anti-aircraft guns and thirty-two 13 mm anti-aircraft guns. She carried a complement of 1421 and four aircraft. She was powered by six Indret boilers providing a top speed of 31.5 knots and a range of 12000 km at 15 knots. She was torpedoed by an aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm in July 1940 but was able to sail on to Toulon.
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STRASHNI

The Strashni was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Strashni was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STRATAGEM

HMS Stratagem was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Stratagem was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STRATEGY

The USS Strategy was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Strategy was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STRAUB

The USS Straub was an American Bostwick Class escort destroyer of 1240 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Straub had a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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STRELA

The Strela was a Russian patrol vessel of 500 tons displacement launched in 1935. The Strela was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 16 knots, and was armed with one 4 inch gun; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns and was fitted for mine laying and mine sweeping.
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STREMITEINI

The Stremiteini was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Stremiteini was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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STRENGTH

The USS Strength was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Strength was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STRIBLING

The USS Stribling was an American Gearing Class destroyer of 2400 tons displacement launched in 1945. The USS Stribling was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STRICKLAND

The USS Strickland was an American Edsall Class escort destroyer of 1200 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Strickland was powered by Fairbanks-Morse diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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STRIVE

The USS Strive was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Strive was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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STROGI

The Strogi was a Bulgarian torpedo boat launched in 1908. The Strogi was coal fired and had a top speed of 26 knots. She carried a complement of 23 and was armed with two 47 mm guns; one anti-aircraft machine-gun and two 18-inch torpedo tubes.
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STROGI II

The Strogi was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Strogi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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STROGI III

The Strogi was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Strogi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STROINI

The Stroini was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Stroini was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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STRONG

The USS Strong was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme and sunk during the Second World War. The USS Strong was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STRONG II

The USS Strong was an American Allen M Sumner Class destroyer of 2200 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Strong was powered by four boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 350 and was armed with six 5 inch guns; twelve 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; eleven 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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STRONGHOLD

HMS Stronghold was a British Admiralty S Class destroyer of 905 tons displacement launched about 1918 and sunk off the coast of Java by the Japanese in 1942 during the Second World War. She was armed with three 4-inch guns; five smaller guns and four 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in pairs. She was powered by three Yarrow oil boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and carried a complement of 98.
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STUART

HMAS Stuart was an Australian flotilla leader destroyer of 1530 tons displacement launched in 1918. HMAS Stuart carried a complement of 183 and was powered by Yarrow small tube boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She was armed with five 4.7-inch guns; one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun; seven smaller guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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STUART II

HMAS Stuart is an Australian Anzac Class frigate with a displacement of 3600 tons fully loaded. She has a maximum speed of 27 knots and a cruising speed of 18 knots. Her range is 6000 nautical miles at 18 knots. The ship accommodates 163 personnel including 22 officers. The ship's armaments comprise a United Defense 127mm Mk 45 Mod-2 Naval gun, eight cell Mk 41 vertical launching system for Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missiles, Thomson Sintra Pacific Spherion B hull-mounted sonar, close-in-weapon systems and towed array sonar. Harpoon anti-ship missiles and a mine avoidance sonar are due to be added, along with two new CelsiusTech multi-function consoles. The ship's combat data system is built around the CelsiusTech 9LV 453 Mk-3 combat management system, with Link 11 and SHF Satcom. Weapons control is managed by the CelsiusTech 9LV 453 optronic director with Raytheon CW Mk-73 for surface-to-air missile control. Air search is by a Raytheon SPS-49(V)8 ANZ radar and air/surface search by a CelsiusTech 9LV 453TIR radar. The navigation radar is an STN Atlas Electronik 9600 ARPA. Two triple 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes for Honeywell Mark-46 torpedoes are fitted.
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STUDDING-SAILS

Studding-sails, formerly called scudding-sails, were fine-weather sails set outside the square sails. The top-mast and top-gallant studding-sails were those which were set outside the top-sails and top-gallant-sails; they had yards at the head, and were spread at the foot by booms which slid out on the extremities of the lower and top-sail yards, and their heads or yards were hoisted up to the top-sail and top-gallant-sail yard-arms.
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STUMP

The USS Stump is an American Spruance Class guided missile destroyer.
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STURDY

HMS Sturdy was a British Admiralty S Class destroyer of 905 tons displacement launched about 1918 and during the Second World War. She was armed with three 4-inch guns; five smaller guns and four 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in pairs. She was powered by three Yarrow oil boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and carried a complement of 98.
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STURDY II

HMS Sturdy was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Sturdy was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STURGEON

HMS Sturgeon was a British Sealion Class submarine of 640 tons displacement launched in 1932. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one machine-gun and six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow. She had a top speed of 13.75 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged and carried a complement of 40.
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STURGEON II

USS Sturgeon was an American Salmon Class submarine of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1938 which saw action during the Second World War. USS Sturgeon was powered by diesel engines and was armed with one 3-inch gun, one anti-aircraft machine-gun, four 21-inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes. She was manned by a crew of 55.
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STURGEON III

USS Sturgeon is an American Sturgeon Class attack submarine of 4960 tons displacement dived launched in 1966. USS Sturgeon is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor and two steam turbines providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 107 including 12 officers and is armed with Tomahawk nuclear missiles and four 21 inch Mk 63 torpedo tubes amidships taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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STURTEVANT

The USS Sturtevant was an American flush deck type destroyer of 1193 tons displacement launched in 1920. The USS Sturtevant was powered by four White-Forster oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 35 knots. She carried a complement of 122 and was armed with four 4 inch guns; one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun and twelve 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in four triple arrangements.
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STYGIAN

HMS Stygian was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Stygian was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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STYRBJORN

The Styrbjorn (formerly the Klo) was a Norwegian-built whaling ship launched in 1923 and bought by the Swedish navy in 1935 and converted into a mine sweeper of 350 tons displacement. The Styrbjorn had a top speed of 15 knots and was armed with one 37 mm gun.
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SUBMARINE

A submarine is a vessel capable of travelling both on and below the surface of the sea. The first practical submarine was built in 1620 by Cornelius van Drebbel. It was made of wood covered with greased leather, and was propelled from the inside by oars passing through flexible sleeves. The crew was supplied with air by means of a pipe which led to the surface. It was demonstrated on the Thames and James I made a trip in it.

At the start of the 20th century submarines were considered to offer no advantages for ordinary navigation, and were thought of as so dangerous at the best that they were considered never likely to be used for commercial purposes, but were introduced into all the principal war navies.

The first British submarines, of the type named from their American inventor, J P Holland, were completed in 1901. They were 63.3 feet long and ll.75 feet in beam, and their displacement when submerged was 120 tons. In shape they were described as double-pointed spindles with a conning-tower on the back, and vertical and horizontal rudders. They were built of steel strong enough to withstand water pressure at depths not exceeding 100 feet, and like other warships or the time they were provided with bulkheads. At the surface they were propelled by gasoline marine engines of a special type, and could attain a speed of 8 knots. When submerged they were driven by waterproof' electric motors at a speed of 7 knots, the motors being worked by accumulators sufficient for a four-hours' journey. Incandescent electric lamps supplied light when the vessel was submerged. The supply of air to the crew was provided for by the storage of compressed air. Steering and diving could be effected either by means of hand-gear or by special engines. The armament consisted of a torpedo-tube at the bow. Longitudinal stability was difficult to maintain; diving in rough water was dangerous; and at the time no completely satisfactory means of gauging direction and position when submerged had been devised. It was found that in small vessels containing much steel and electrical apparatus the compass was unreliable.

Greatly improved submarines of 300 tons, 850 horse-power, and a surface speed of 13 knots, were added to the British navy in 1906. Submarine navigation dates back for some time, but in its present form it is not much older than the last decade of the nineteenth century. There were so many fatal accidents to these vessels around 1900 that it was proposed to prohibit their use by international agreement, but nothing came of such proposals.
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SUBROC

Subroc (US Navy designation UUM-44A) was an American submarine-borne tactical missile designed for use against other submarines. Subroc comprised a guided supersonic ballistic missile fired from a torpedo tube by a submerged submarine and had a range of about 48 km. Development of Subroc was started by Goodyear in 1958, and was first deployed on the advanced nuclear attack submarine Thresher before becoming operational in 1965.
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SUBTLE

HMS Subtle was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Subtle was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SUCCESS

The USS Success was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Success was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SUCCESS II

The Success is an Australian replenishment at sea ship launched in 1984 and based upon the French Durance class design. She has a displacement of 17933 tons, fully loaded, a top speed of 20 knots and a cargo capacity of 10088 tons, including space for fuel, munitions and stores. She is armed with three Bofors 40 mm guns (two forward, one aft) and two 12.7 mm machine-guns. A S70B-2 Seahawk helicopter is also carried. She has a crew of seventeen officers and 177 other ratings plus she carries 15 spare berths.
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SUFFOLK

HMS Suffolk was a British Kent Class cruiser of 10000 tons displacement built at Portsmouth and launched in 1928. HMS Suffolk carried a complement of 679 and was powered by eight Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 31.5 knots and a range of 16640 km at an economical cruising speed. Armaments consisted of eight 8-inch guns housed in four gun houses; eight 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; sixteen (originally twenty) 2-pounder pompom guns and carried three aircraft. HMS Suffolk served on the China Station until 1939 when she was transferred to the Home Fleet.
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SUFFOLK COAST

The Suffolk Coast was a British Q ship, built for the Great War, but never used. The Suffolk Coast carried concealed guns and other appliances, and was filled almost entirely with cork so as to make her almost unsinkable. After the armistice of 1918 the Suffolk Coast was put on display at St Katherine's Dock, London.
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SUFFREN

The Suffren was a French Suffren Class cruiser of 9938 tons displacement launched in 1927. The Suffren was powered by nine Guyot oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 33 knots and a range of 8000 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 605. Armaments consisted of eight 8-inch guns; eight 3-inch anti-aircraft guns; eight 37 mm guns; six 21.7 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples and two aircraft carried.
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SUFFREN II

The Suffren is a French Suffren Class destroyer of 5090 tons displacement, launched in 1965. Double reduction Rateau geared steam turbines provide a top speed of 34 knots and a range of 8160 km at 18 knots. She is manned by a crew of 355, including 23 officers. Armaments consist of four Aerospatiale Exocet MM38 anti-ship missiles (fitted during a modernisation in 1979); an ECAN Ruelle Masurca twin launcher taking the Mk 2 Mod 3 anti-aircraft missile The Latecoere Malafon acoustic homing anti-ship missile torpedo; two DCN 100 mm/55 Mod 1964 CADAM automatic guns; four Oerlikon 20 mm guns; four torpedo launchers (two each side) taking the ECAN L5 anti-submarine torpedo.
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SUIPPE

The Suippe was a French minesweeper of 604 tons displacement launched in 1918. The Suippe was powered by two du Temple boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 107. She was armed with four 3.9 inch guns; one 9 pounder anti-aircraft gun and two machine-guns.
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SUKHODAYA

The Sukhodaya was a British-built Thai cruiser of 1000 tons displacement launched in 1929. The Sukhodaya was powered by two oil-burning water-tube boilers providing a top speed of 12 knots and carried a complement of 103. She was armed with two 6 inch guns and four 3 inch anti-aircraft guns.
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SULEV

The Sulev was a German-built Estonian torpedo boat of 228 tons displacement launched as the A32 in 1916. She was sunk off the Estonian coast in 1917 and was subsequently salvaged and refitted in 1923. The Sulev had a top speed of 26 knots and carried a complement of 35. She was armed with two 3-inch guns; two 18-inch torpedo tubes arranged in a double mounting on the deck and carried ten mines.
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SULLIVANS

The USS Sullivans was an American Fletcher Class destroyer of 2050 tons displacement built under the 1940-41 programme. The USS Sullivans was powered by four Babcock and Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots. She carried a complement of 353 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; six 40 mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuplets.
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SUMATRA

The Sumatra was a Dutch cruiser of 6670 tons displacement launched in 1920. The Sumatra was powered by eight Schulz-Thornycroft oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and a range of 7680 km at 12 knots. She was armed with ten 5.9-inch guns; six 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 2 pounder saluting guns; six 12.7 mm anti-aircraft guns; twelve mines and carried two aircraft and a complement of 525.
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SUMISU

The Sumisu was a Japanese minelayer of 720 tons displacement launched in 1939. The Sumisu was powered by two sets of diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots and was armed with two 4.7 inch guns.
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SUMMERSIDE

The Summerside is a Canadian Kingston Class maritime coastal defence vessel launched in 1998. The ship is equipped with a Bofors 40 millimetre rapid fire gun, model 60 Mk 5c and two .50 calibre (12. 7 mm) machine-guns. The machine-guns are mounted one either side at the front of the bridge deck. In a depressed position each machine-gun fires in an arc of fire of 118 degrees. The Bofors gun is mounted on the forecastle deck and the arc of fire extends forwards by +/- 120 degrees. The propulsion system provides 15 knots maximum continuous speed. The range at the economical cruising speed of 9 knots using two engines is 5000 nautical miles with a 20% margin in tank capacity. Mechanical Minesweeping is carried out at 8 knots.
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SUN CHON

The Sun Chon is a South Korean Po Hang Class Corvette of 1180 tons displacement fully loaded. The Sun Chon carries a crew of ten officers and 85 men and is powered by one LM 2500 gas turbine and two SEMT-Pielstick 12 PA6-V280 diesel engines providing a top speed of 32 knots and a range of 6400 km at 15 knots. Armaments consist of one OTO Melara 76 mm/62 compact dual-purpose gun; six 324 mm Mk 32 torpedo tubes arranged as two triples taking the Honeywell Mk 46 anti-submarine torpedo; 12 depth charges.
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SUNFISH

HMS Sunfish was a British Sealion Class submarine of 670 tons displacement launched in 1936 and sunk during the Second World War after being transferred to the Soviet Navy. She was armed with one 3-inch gun; one machine-gun and six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow. She had a top speed of 15 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged and carried a complement of 40.
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SUNFISH II

The USS Sunfish was an American Gato Class submarine of 1525 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Sunfish had a top speed of 21 knots surfaced and carried a complement of between 65 and 74. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun; two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft guns; six 21 inch bow torpedo tubes and four 21 inch stern torpedo tubes.
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SUNFISH III

USS Sunfish is an American Sturgeon Class attack submarine of 4960 tons displacement dived launched in 1966. USS Sunfish is powered by a Westinghouse pressurised-water cooled S5W nuclear reactor and two steam turbines providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 107 including 12 officers and is armed with Tomahawk nuclear missiles and four 21 inch Mk 63 torpedo tubes amidships taking the Gould Mk 48 torpedo.
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SUPER-DREADNOUGHT

Super-Dreadnought was a British naval term generally applied to warships carrying guns of more than 12-inches calibre in their main armament.
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SUPERB

HMS Superb was a British Tiger Class cruiser of 8000 tons displacement started during the Second World War and launched in 1945. She carried a peace time complement of 796 and a wartime complement of 1000. Four Admiralty 3-drum type boilers provided a top speed of 31.5 knots. Armaments consisted of nine 6-inch guns; ten 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; eighteen 2-pounder pompom guns; eight 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SUPERB II

HMS Superb was a Britsih Bellerophon Class dreadnought of 18600 tons displacement launched in 1907. HMS Bellerophon carried a omplement of between 733 and 793 and was powered by a Parsons turbine fed by eighteen Babcock coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 21 knots. She was armed with ten 12 inch guns; eleven 4 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3 pdr guns; five machine guns and two submerged broadside 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SUPERB III

HMS Superb is a British Swiftsure Class fleet submarine of 4900 tons displacement dived launched in 1974. HMS Superb is powered by a pressurised water-cooled PWR 1 nuclear reactor and a Paxman auxiliary diesel engine providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 116 including 13 officers and is armed with McDonnell Douglas UGM-84B Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles and five 21 inch bow torpedo tubes taking the Marconi Tigerfish Mk 24 Mod 2 torpedo and Spearfish torpedoes. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes.
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SUPERIOR

The USS Superior was an American Admirable Class minesweeper of 625 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Superior was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 14.5 knots and carried a complement of 104. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SUPHAIRIN

The Suphairin is a Singapore Prabparapak Class fast attack craft of 234 tons displacement launched in the mid-1970's. The Suphairin is powered by four MTU 16V 538 TB92 diesel engines providing a top speed of 40 knots and a range of 2000 miles at 15 knots. She carries a crew of 41 including five officers and is armed with one triple and two twin arrangements of IAI Gabriel I surface-to-surface missile launchers; one Bofors 57 mm/70 gun and one Bofors 40 mm/70 gun.
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SUPPLY

The USS Supply is an American AOE Class fast combat support ship designed to receive ammunition, provision, stores and petroleum products from shuttle ships, and to distribute them to the carrier battle group ships while underway. The ship is equipped with the NATO Sea Sparrow missile launch system and two Raytheon Phalanx Mk 15, 20 millimetre close-in weapon systems (CIWS) and two 25 millimetre Raytheon Mk 88 guns. The ship accommodates 40 officers, 36 CPOs and 591 enlisted crew members with berths, living, mess facilities, recreation and office space. Additional facilities include leisure and community areas, medical and dental centres, barber shop, ship's store, laundry, dry cleaning, workshops, laboratories and test areas. The liquid cargo stowage includes 156,000 barrels of fuel (for example Avcat military kerosene gas-turbine fuel), five hundred 55 gallon barrels lubrication oil, 20,000 gallons cargo water together with a cargo fuel control system. The dry cargo stowage includes cargo ordnance holds for 1,800
tons of ammunition, a 400 ton refrigerated cargo hold, 250 tons general cargo and 800 bottles of bottled gas. Additionally there is special cargo accommodation for oversize items such as cable reels and canned jet engines. The ship is equipped with a comprehensive cargo transfer system with a dedicated cargo control centre. There are five fuel at sea (FAS) stations, six replenishment at sea (RAS) stations, four 10 ton cargo booms, and a vertical replenishment position for two helicopters. The ship accommodates the US Navy UH-46E Sea Knight helicopters. The 100,000 horsepower gas turbine engines provide a speed of 25 knots. The cruise speed is 22 knots and the range 6,000 miles. There are two shafts with 23 feet fixed pitch propellers. The ship has a total of five service diesel generators. The machinery is managed by a centralised control system.
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SUPREME

HMS Supreme was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Supreme was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SURASDRA

The Surasdra was an Italian-built Thai torpedo boat of 318 tons displacement launched in 1937. The Surasdra was powered by Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 31 knots and a range of 2720 km at 15 knots. She carried a complement of 70 and was armed with three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and six 18 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two pairs and two singles.
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SURCOEF

The Surcoef is a French La Fayette class multi-purpose stealth frigate. The ship's surface to surface missile is the Aerospatiale Exocet MM40. Two quadruple missile launchers are installed in a midship position between the two masts, one facing port and one facing starboard. The ship's surface-to-air missile system is the Crotale Naval CN2. The system employs the VT-1 missile with a range of 13 kilometres and speed of 1.19 kilometres per second (Mach 3.6). The guidance is by command line of sight with radar and infra-red homing. The 14 kilogram high explosive warhead is detonated by a proximity fuse. 24 missiles are carried. The frigates may be upgraded with the vertical launch system (VLS) and Aster 15 missile from Eurosam and the associated Thomson-CSF Arabel fire control radar. 16 missiles are carried. The ship's main gun on the bow deck is the DCN 100 mm which fires a 13.5 kilogram shell to a maximum range of 16 kilometres. Two Giat 20 millimetre Model 20F2 guns are also installed, one port and one on the starboard side about 5 metres aft of the bridge. The frigate has a flight deck, approximately 430 square metres, at the stern with a single landing spot, designed for day and night use by 10 ton helicopters such as the AS 565 MA Panther, the SA 321G Super Frelon or NH 90. The flight deck can be used in high sea states up to sea-state 6. The La Fayette class frigates are of high tensile steel construction with a double skin hull from the waterline to the upper deck level. One centimetre armour plate is installed to protect the propulsion systems and reinforced side passageways protect the crew and equipment against splinters and small-calibre shells. The La Fayette class incorporates a number of stealth features to ensure low detectability by hostile radar, sonar, infrared and magnetic sensors and to enhance the effectiveness of on board jammers and decoys.
The sides of the vessel are sloped at 10 degrees to minimise the radar cross section. Surfaces have been coated in radar absorbent paint and the profiles of external features including missile launching systems have been reduced as far as possible. The propulsion system for the French Navy La Fayette is configured as a combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) arrangement. The CODAD system is based on four SEMT Pielstick 12 PA6 V 280 STC diesel engines. The engines are rated at 21,000 sustained horsepower. Two shafts drive controllable pitch propellers. The ship is fitted with a bow thruster. The CODAD propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 25 and, at an economical speed of 12 knots, the range is 9,000 nautical miles. The ships complement is 164.
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SURCOUF

The Surcouf was a French experimental submarine (Corsair submarine) of 2880 tons displacement launched in 1929. In 1940 the Surcouf was the largest submarine in the world. She was powered by Sulzer diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots surfaced and electric motors providing a top speed of 10 knots submerged. She carried a complement of 150 and was armed with two 8-inch guns; two 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine guns and ten 21.7 inch torpedo tubes. Twenty-two torpedoes were carried and also a small seaplane in a hangar at the rear of the conning tower. During trials in 1932 the Surcouf sailed 8000 km from Cherbourg to Agadir, Dakar and Konakri and remained submerged for sixty hours. At the occupation of France during the Second World War the Surcouf escaped from Brest and made for Plymouth where she was seized by force by the British, during the battle casualties were suffered on both sides. Later the Surcouf was handed over to the Free French Forces and took part in actions in the Atlantic and the Caribbean. She was sunk in February 1942 following a collision with an American freighter in the Gulf of Mexico.
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SURF

HMS Surf was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's. HMS Surf was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SURFBIRD

The USS Surfbird was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1944. The USS Surfbird was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SURGEON'S KNOT

The surgeon's knot is a nautical knot, similar to a reef knot, but with extra twists, providing better security when tied with slippery synthetic ropes and lines.
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SURPRISE

HMS Surprise was a British Bay Class anti-aircraft frigate of 1600 tons displacement launched in 1945. She carried a crew of 157 and had a top speed of 19.5 knots. Armaments consisted of two 4 inch anti-aircraft guns in a pair; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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SUSSEX

The Sussex was a British steamship of the LB & SC Railway. She was torpedoed by a German submarine in the English Channel during her passage from Folkestone to Dieppe on March the 24th 1916 with the loss of fifty lives. The presence of American citizens on board the Sussex when she was attacked contributed to the USA's entry into the Great War.
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SUSSEX II

HMS Sussex was a British London Class cruiser of 9830 tons displacement launched in 1928. HMS Sussex carried a crew of 650 and was powered by eight Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of just under 33 knots. Armaments consisted of eight 8-inch guns; eight 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3-pdr guns and fourteen smaller guns and eight 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruple mounts. An aircraft was also carried.
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SUSTAIN

The USS Sustain was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Sustain was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SUTTON

HMS Sutton was a British improved Hunt Class minesweeper of 710 tons displacement built under the Emergency War Programme during the Great War and launched sometime between 1917 and 1919, seeing action during the Second World War. HMS Sutton was powered by Yarrow coal-fired boilers providing a top speed of 16 knots and a range of about 2400 km at top speed. She carried a complement of 73 and was armed with a 4-inch anti-aircraft gun and one smaller gun.
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SUWANEE

The USS Suwanee was an American Chenango Class light fleet aircraft carrier of 12000 tons displacement launched in 1939. The USS Suwanee had a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 1000 and 34 aircraft. She was armed with two 5 inch guns; eight 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and fifteen 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SUZUKAZE

The Suzukaze was a Japanese Sigure Class destroyer of 1368 tons displacement launched in 1937. The Suzukaze was powered by three Kanpon oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 34 knots and carried a complement of 180. She was armed with five 5 inch guns; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruples.
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SUZUYA

The Suzuya was a Japanese Mogami Class second class cruiser of 8500 tons displacement launched in 1934. The Suzuya was powered by ten Kanpon boilers providing a top speed of 33 knots. She carried a complement of 850, four aircraft and was armed with fifteen 6.1-inch guns; eight 5-inch anti-aircraft guns; twelve machine-guns and twelve 21-inch torpedo tubes arranged in four triples.
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SVAERDFISKEN

The Svaerdfisken is a Danish Flyvefisken Class multi-role warship. For all roles except anti-pollution, the ship carries one 76 mm Otobreda Super Rapid gun which fires 120 rounds per minute and has a range of 16 km. For surface combat roles, two 533 mm torpedo tubes are fitted with Bofors TP613 wire-guided passive homing torpedoes. For ASW roles, anti-submarine torpedoes and depth charge launchers are carried. the AGM-84 (Harpoon) surface-to-surface missile system is fitted for the surface combat role, as is the Mk 48 NATO Vertical Launch Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile system. The Mk 48 Mod 3 launcher (for vessels under 1000 tons) has cells for six missiles. Mine rails for 60 bottom mines are fitted for mine laying missions. The hull is constructed of an FRP (fibre-reinforced plastic) sandwich with a cellular core between outer and inner FRP laminates. This material reduces weight and maintenance, since it is non-magnetic. Electro-magnetic compatibility (EMC) in the non-metallic hull is achieved by sprayed layers
of zinc and shielding of cable glands and penetrating non-metallic pipes and ducts.
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SVERDLOVETZ

The Sverdlovetz was a Russian Dekabrist Class submarine of 896 tons displacement launched between 1929 and 1935. The Sverdlovetz had a top speed of 15 knots surface; 8 knots submerged and carried a complement of 44. She was armed with one 4 inch anti-aircraft gun; one 37 mm anti-aircraft gun; two machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes - six in the bow and two in the stern.
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SVERIGE

The Sverige was a Swedish battleship of 7080 tons displacement launched in 1915. The Sverige was powered by six Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 23 knots and carried a complement of 450. She was armed with four 11 inch Bofors guns; six 6 inch Bofors guns; four 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 25 mm anti-aircraft guns and four anti-aircraft machine-guns.
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SVIEZDA

The Sviezda was a Russian Pravda Class submarine of 1200 tons displacement launched in 1936. The Sviezda was armed with two 4 inch guns; one 37 mm anti-aircraft gun and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SVIRYEPI

The Sviryepi was a Russian Stremiteini Class destroyer of 1800 tons displacement launched in 1938. The Sviryepi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of over 37 knots. She was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; two 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 37 mm guns; four depth charge throwers and six 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two triples.
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SVIRYEPI II

The Sviryepi was a Russian Opitni Class destroyer of about 2050 tons displacement launched during the Second World War. The Sviryepi was powered by 3-drum type oil-fired boilers providing a top speed of 36 knots and was armed with four 5.1 inch guns; three 3 inch anti-aircraft guns; two 45 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 37 mm anti-aircraft guns; four machine-guns and six 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SWALE

HMS Swale was a British River Class frigate of 1460 tons displacement launched in 1942. HMS Swale was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots. She carried a complement of 140 and was armed with two 4-inch dual-purpose guns; ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns and one Hedgehog multiple spigot mortar.
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SWALLOW

The USS Swallow was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched and lost during the Second World War. The USS Swallow was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SWALLOW II

HMS Swallow was a British Peacock Class patrol vessel of 712 tons displacement, fully loaded, launched in 1984 and after serving in Hong Kong from 1985 to 1988 was sold to the Irish government in 1988. She was powered by two Crossley Pielstick 18 PA6V 280 diesels rated at 14000 hp providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 4000 km at 17 knots. She carried a crew of 29, including six officers. She was armed with one 76 mm/62 OTO Melara compact gun; two 12.7 mm machine-guns and four 7.62 mm machine-guns.
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SWAN

HMAS Swan was an Australian escort sloop of 1060 tons displacement launched in 1936. HMAS Swan carried a complement of 100 and was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type oil fuelled boilers providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She was armed with three 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; four 3-pdr guns and six machine guns.
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SWANSEA

HMCS Swansea was a Canadian frigate of 1445 tons displacement launched in 1942. HMCS Swansea was powered by two Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and carried a complement of 140. She was armed with two 4 inch dual-purpose guns and ten 20 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SWANSON

The USS Swanson was an American Benson Class destroyer of 1630 tons displacement launched in 1940. The USS Swanson was powered by four Express oil-burning boilers providing a top speed of 36.5 knots. She carried a complement of 210 and was armed with five 5 inch guns; ten smaller guns and ten 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quintuple arrangements.
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SWASEY

The USS Swasey was an American Edsall Class escort destroyer of 1200 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Swasey was powered by Fairbanks-Morse diesel engines providing a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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SWAY

The USS Sway was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Sway was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SWEARER

The USS Swearer was an American Bostwick Class escort destroyer of 1240 tons displacement launched in 1943. The USS Swearer had a top speed of 19 knots and carried a complement of 220. She was armed with three 3 inch dual-purpose guns; two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; four 20 mm anti-aircraft guns; depth charge throwers and three 21 inch torpedo tubes in a triple mount.
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SWEDISH FID

In nautical terms, a Swedish fid is a grooved spike used for splicing rope.
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SWERVE

The USS Swerve was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched and lost during the Second World War. The USS Swerve was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SWIFT

HMS Swift was a British destroyer flotilla leader of 2170 tons displacement completed in 1907. She was powered by 30,000 hp engines providing a top speed of 35 knots and was armed with one 6 inch and three 4 inch guns and two torpedo tubes. HMS Swift along with HMS Broke took part with the encounter with German destroyers in the Straits of Dover on April the 20th 1917 during the Great War.
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SWIFT II

The USS Swift was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Swift was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SWIFT III

HMS Swift was a British Peacock Class patrol vessel of 712 tons displacement, fully loaded, launched in 1984 and after serving in Hong Kong from 1985 to 1988 was sold to the Irish government in 1988. She was powered by two Crossley Pielstick 18 PA6V 280 diesels rated at 14000 hp providing a top speed of 25 knots and a range of 4000 km at 17 knots. She carried a crew of 29, including six officers. She was armed with one 76 mm/62 OTO Melara compact gun; two 12.7 mm machine-guns and four 7.62 mm machine-guns.
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SWIFTER

On a ship, a swifter is a line run around the ends of the capstan bars to prevent their falling out of their sockets.
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SWIFTSURE

HMS Swiftsure was a British battleship of 11800 tons displacement launched in 1903 and purchased from Chili the same year. HMS Swiftsure carried a complement of 700 and was powered by Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 19 knots. She was armed with four 10 inch guns; fourteen 7.5 inch guns; fourteen 14 pdr guns; one 12 pdr gun; four 6 pdr guns; four Maxim machine guns and two submerged Elswick 18 inch torpedo tubes.
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SWIFTSURE II

HMS Swiftsure was a British cruiser of the Uganda Class, similar to the cruisers of the Tiger Class, of 8000 tons displacement launched in 1943. She carried a peace time complement of 730 and a wartime complement of 960. Four Admiralty 3-drum type boilers provided a top speed of 31.5 knots. Armaments consisted of nine 6-inch guns; ten 4-inch anti-aircraft guns; sixteen 2-pounder pompom guns; thirteen 40 mm anti-aircraft guns; and six 21-inch torpedo tubes.
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SWIFTSURE III

HMS Swiftsure is a British Swiftsure Class fleet submarine of 4900 tons displacement dived launched in 1971. HMS Swiftsure is powered by a pressurised water-cooled PWR 1 nuclear reactor and a Paxman auxiliary diesel engine providing a top speed of 30 knots dived. She carries a crew of 116 including 13 officers and is armed with McDonnell Douglas UGM-84B Sub-Harpoon anti-ship missiles and five 21 inch bow torpedo tubes taking the Marconi Tigerfish Mk 24 Mod 2 torpedo and Spearfish torpedoes. Mines can be carried in place of torpedoes.
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SWORDFISH

HMS Swordfish was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Swordfish was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SWORDFISH II

The USS Swordfish was an American Sargo Class cruiser type submarine of 1450 tons displacement launched in 1939. the USS Swordfish was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 20 knots surfaced and carried a complement of 55. She was armed with one 3 inch anti-aircraft gun; one anti-aircraft machine-gun; four bow 21 inch torpedo tubes and four stern 21 inch torpedo tubes.
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SYDNEY

HMAS Sydney was an Australian Chatham Class light cruiser of 5400 tons displacement launched in 1912. HMAS Sydney carried a complement of 390 and was powered by Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 25 knots. Armaments consisted of eight 6-inch guns; one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun; four 3-pdr guns; four machine guns and two 21-inch submerged broadside torpedo tubes.
During the Great War, on November the 11th 1914, HMAS Sydney caught the German raiding cruiser Emden at Cocos Keeling Islands, engaged her and drove her ashore in an engagement that cost the lives of three of the Sydney's crew and fifteen wounded. This was the first action ever fought by an Australian warship.
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SYDNEY II

HMAS Sydney was an Australian cruiser of 7105 tons displacement launched in the 1930's and sunk during the Second World War. HMAS Sydney was powered by four oil-fired Admiralty 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 32.5 knots and carried a complement of 550. She was armed with eight 6-inch guns; eight 4-inch dual-purpose guns; eight 2 pounder guns; eleven smaller guns; eight machine-guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes arranged in two quadruples.
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SYLVANIA

The USS Sylvania is an American Mars Class combat stores ship of 9200 tons light displacement. The USS Sylvania is powered by three Babcock & Wilcox boilers providing a top speed of 20 knots and a range of 10000 miles at 18 knots. She carries a crew of 428 including 25 officers and has five cargo holds, one of which is refrigerated, carrying about 2625 tons of dry stores and 1300 tons of refrigerated stores, varying with the load carried. Armaments consist of two twin USN 3 inch/50 Mk 33 guns and two General Electric/General Dynamics 20 mm Vulcan Phalanx Mk 15 guns which were added after she was originally built.
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SYLVIA

HMS Sylvia was a British Algerine Class minesweeper of 950 tons displacement launched in 1944. HMS Sylvia was powered by two 3-drum type boilers providing a top speed of 16.5 knots. She carried a peacetime complement of 85 and between 104 and 138 in war. For defence she was armed with one 4-inch dual-purpose gun; four 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and two depth charge throwers.
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SYMBOL

The USS Symbol was an American Auk Class minesweeper of 890 tons displacement launched in 1942. The USS Symbol was powered by diesel engines providing a top speed of 18 knots and carried a complement of 105. She was armed with one 3 inch dual-purpose gun and two 40 mm anti-aircraft guns.
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SYOKSY

The Syoksy was a Finnish motor torpedo boat of 12 tons displacement launched in 1928. The Syoksy had a top speed of 40 knots and carried a complement of seven. She was armed with two Lewis machine-guns; two 17.7 inch torpedo tubes and two depth charges.
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SYRTIS

HMS Syrtis was a British Sealion Class submarine of 715 tons displacement launched during the early 1940's and sunk during the Second World War. HMS Syrtis was armed with one 3-inch gun; one 20 mm anti-aircraft gun; three machine-guns; six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow and one external 21 inch torpedo tube. She had a top speed of 14.5 knots surfaced and 10 knots submerged, could crash dive in 30 seconds and carried a complement of 44.
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SZEGED

The Szeged was a Hungarian river patrol boat of 133 tons displacement launched in 1915 as the Wels, later renamed the Bregainica. The Szeged was powered by two oil-fired Yarrow boilers providing a top speed of 15 knots and carried a complement of 44. She was armed with two 3-inch guns and two machine-guns.
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